Transnational corporations, or TNCs, are corporations that have their headquarters in one country and operate wholly or partially owned subsidiaries in one or more other countries. Some people benefit from the growth of transnational corporations than others. Developed countries benefit as they get cheaper imports from developing countries which benefits the consumers and companies in the developed countries as everyone pays less and companies can compete with others easier. Another benefit is that developed countries lose industry to developing countries, improving the environmental quality in the developed country, reducing CO2 emissions helping to combat climate change. Developing countries also benefit as the population get access to employment and the development of new skills, leading to more money being spent helping the economy to improve infrastructure and services improving the quality of life in the country.
Question One: Why is Brown Forman considering buying Southern comfort? Brown-Forman Distillers Corporation is in a favourable financial position and is performing well relative to their competitor’s. In 1978, Brown-Forman holds a higher profit margin, higher growth rate and a higher anticipated return on sales for the remainder of 1978. According to the annual report for the 1978 financial year, the company highlighted that the business is in a positive position where the balance sheet shows strong results due to the asset management and their low debt/equity ratio. Although the industry has faced a halt in sales growth, Brown-Forman is defying the odds of the market and is continuing to grow.
This would also help improve the company’s inventory turnover ratio from 4.7 to the industry average of 6.1. The firm’s debt ratio anticipation of 44.17% is better than the market average and will allow the company to pay down its debt quicker than competitors and have more cash on hand. The extra cash on hand provides more liquidity and is attractive to potential investors. However, these numbers are based on high projections. If such numbers are not reached the company is considered underperforming and makes an unattractive appeal to investors.
The basic answer is that share repurchases are great when the share price is undervalued, and not-so-great when the share price is overvalued. To put it into a more useful context, if you would otherwise reinvest your dividends or invest new capital into the company at current stock prices, then share repurchases are useful to you because the company basically does it for you. The alternative is that the company could pay you a higher dividend, but you’d be taxed on that dividend and reinvest it into the company anyway. On the other hand, if you would not reinvest dividends or invest new capital into the company at current prices, then share repurchases are not in alignment with your current outlook, and it would be better for you to receive a higher dividend. Something else to be considered is that when a company uses money for share repurchases when it could be paying a higher dividend instead, the company’s management is limiting your control and increasing theirs.
J&J has a strong economy of scale. J&J’s cost efficient production facilities act as deterrents to new entrants looking to enter our consumer segment industry. New entrants are deterred by the amount of capital needed to build new factories capable of mass production. Confronted by J&J’s economy of scale, new entrants are relegated to seek niche market segments. Niche markets can allow for higher margins; however new entrants effectively position their product to a low volume high price model limiting their sales volume.
Further increase in product line both in terms of high price and product variety, to attract a large range of customers, can affect their lean operating model increasing inventory costs. Increasing customization options could also affect its competitive pricing increasing operation costs. Even though outsourcing operations and services can help keep a better control but in times of high demand they can be compromised since they are not directly a part of the company. The quality of the service is dependent on the ability of the outsourcing company and not Blue Nile. Further, it set lower gross profit margins on high value sales (just to make the sale)
Computed by deducting the cost of capital from the after-tax profit, it is said to be the best measure of the true profitability of an enterprise because it is tied to cash flow and not earnings per share. Many analysts would agree that EVA is more positively associated with a company’s stock price than ROE or EPS. Keith confirmed his findings with an industry analyst, which posed him with the decision of whether of not to implement this calculation into OSI accounting practices. Furthermore, would it be a beneficial tool to be used for evaluating the new manager’s incentive compensation plans? The EVA trend seems to be almost mandatory for the larger companies, but there is no reason that it shouldn’t work just as well for their smaller firm.
A work environment that leads to job satisfaction is more democratic than Phil's. In the short run, Phil is more effective in terms of reducing costs and increasing productivity, but in the long term, the high employee turnover will increase company costs. I would rather work for Ben. 3. If you were Phil Jones' boss, what would you do now?
These two companies occupied more than 74% market share in 2004. As such companies usually have a better reputation and are better recognized, they could have higher customer loyalty. Therefore, consumers are less likely to switch to other producers. Moreover, economies of scale could also help some incumbents to cut average costs, making it even more difficult for new entrants to survive. The Power of Suppliers Suppliers supply raw materials including caramel coloring, phosphoric or citric acid, natural flavors and caffeine to concentrate producers.
Profit maximisation occurs when a firm produces at the point where marginal cost equal marginal revenue (MC=MR). This is the point of profit maximisation as any unit produced after this point will have a greater marginal cost than marginal revenue therefore the marginal revenue being gained from the extra unit will decrease total revenue rather than increase it, thus causing profits to decrease. A reason why a firm may want to profit maximise is that it keeps shareholder happy as they receive a greater share of dividends and also if a firm has profits they can reinvest these profits into research and development (dynamic efficiency). There are many different objectives a firm could have other than profit maximisation. The knowledge of a firm finding out where marginal costs equal marginal revenue is very difficult so some firms may not be able to profit maximise as they do not have the correct knowledge required to do so.