“the Hazards Presented by Volcanic and Seismic Events Have the Greatest Impact on the World’s Poorest People.” to What Extent Do You Agree with This View? (40 Marks) Essay

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Hazards are complex. They all vary in effects however generally; a hazard is anything that could cause damage to humans or buildings. Many volcanic and seismic events happen, cause hazards to humans. Volcanic and seismic events can take place all over the world and therefore both more economically developed countries (MEDCs) and less economically developed countries (LEDCs) can be affected. In the last 30 years there have been multiple examples of where volcanic and seismic events have had an impact on both MEDCs and LEDCs. Some of these include the 2010 earthquake in Haiti and the 2011 Japanese earthquake and the consequential tsunami. In this essay I will show how the impact of volcanic and seismic events have a greater impact on poorer countries than on richer countries. Although prevention of either a volcanic eruption or a seismic event isn’t possible, it is possible to manage them and reduce the overall impact. In theory, this is easier for MEDC’s due having more advantaged technologies and more money available to spend on monitoring the ‘danger zone’ and then warning and planning for the hazard. However in some situations it isn’t the primary effects of the earthquake or eruption that have the greater impact, therefore not even MEDC’s can plan for it. For example in the 2010 Eyjafjallajokull eruption in Iceland, it was not the primary effects that caused problems, it was the ash cloud which was produced after the event. The Icelandic volcano, Ejajjallajokall, affected many people around the world, both wealthy and poor. The cloud caused problems for all over the world, which lead to most of the airspace to be closed. In Kenya and Zimbabwe there were mounds of rotting fruit and flowers because they had nowhere to export them to and they lost a lot of much needed business. New Zealand’s exportation of salmon though improved because it was no longer in

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