The oldest known example of the Corinthian order is the temple of Apollo at Bassae. Building the Parthenon was a greater feat than they ever would have known. Work on the Parthenon began in 477 BC. A much smaller shrine already stood on this site. If such a structure in fact existed, it was torn down to make way for a huge limestone platform, roughly 252 by 103 feet in size that was built as a base for the new temple.
That figures from Greek mythology were still being represented artistically in Homer’s time shows that the people still respected the tales after centuries had gone by. Homer also described great palaces belonging to kings and heroes, enormous structures the like of which was unknown in Greece in the eighth century BC. Such opulence and extravagance had not been seen in Greece since the twelfth century BC, not long after Troy was said to have fallen and Homer is describing a world of which his audience would have no experience (BHAG, p. 41 – 42). From archaeological remains of eighth century settlements, homes were much smaller
During the revival of architecture, the Mycenaeans became “wealthy and powerful” and “the most powerful group in the Aegean world” (Carver). It was also around this time that the Mycenaeans invaded the Minoan civilization and conquered Troy. However, the fall of Mycenaean civilization occurred in 1200 BC and was marked by the destruction of several Mycenaean sites and was finally concluded in 1184 BC by the destruction of Troy (Carver). There were several theories as to the cause of the fall of the Mycenaean civilization. The most probable
As in any time-frame, and any civilization, the technology, tools, methods, available materials and the culture of a society greatly impacted their architecture, from basic homes to grand temples meant for worship. In Ancient Greece, the mainly used raw materials included wood, both baked and unbaked brick (clay and terracotta), stones like limestone and marble, as well as metals, primarily bronze, for which the culture and time period is known. Wood, as today, was mainly used for supports and beams for buildings, and frequently for medium sized structures, as the poorer used more clay, and the richer part of society used stone and marble for their exceedingly large structures. Unbaked bricks were normally used for walls, often in private homes, and terracotta for roof tiles and architectural ornaments on the outside of the building. Both limestone and marble were used for columns, walls, and the upper parts of temples, providing strong structure with little maintenance, perfect for difficult to reach places, such as the roof of a temple.
The Historical Investigation - Year 11 Ancient History Greek Architecture Identify the two main architectural systems (orders) of early Greek Architecture and its impact on society today, including examples of each order and their characteristics. The architecture of ancient Greece is represented by buildings in the cities of mainland Greece, the Aegean islands, southern Italy and Sicily, and the Ionian Coast of Turkey. Architecture, defined as a building executed to an aesthetically considered design, was extinct in Greece from the end of the Mycenaean period (about 1200 BC) to the 7th century BC. Greek life was dominated by religion and so it is not surprising that the temples of ancient Greece were the biggest and most beautiful. They also had a political purpose as they were often built to celebrate civic power and pride, or offer thanksgiving to the patron god of a city for success in war.
Originally, temples were just small structures made from wood and mud brick. As the years progressed, the temples developed into buildings, sometimes reaching over 20 meters high. They were then built with stone and marble and decorated with mosaics and carvings. In Athens, temples were built in the Ionic and Doric style of architecture. Although, the Doric style was mainly used in mainland Greece and the Ionic style was used in the Islands and colonies to the east.
Such was the importance of Imhotep's achievement that he was deified by later Egyptians.  The most prolific pyramid-building phase coincided with the greatest degree of absolutist pharaonic rule. It was during this time that the most famous pyramids, those near Giza, were built. Over time, as authority became less centralized, the ability and willingness to harness the resources required for construction on a massive scale decreased, and later pyramids were smaller, less well-built and often hastily constructed. Long after the end of Egypt's own pyramid-building period, a burst of pyramid-building occurred in what is present-day Sudan, after much of Egypt came under the rule of the Kings of Napata.
Most of them are made of limestone. They also took many years to build. The Nile River was where they were mostly built; they were also built during the times of 3000 bc to 2300 bc. After the pyramids were built the pyramids were normally robed by tomb robbers. These guys only wanted the valuables like gold and silver.
HISTORICAL PROGRESSION As the word itself implies, civilization starts when mankind started to establish settling units, called ‘cities’ and adopted a new way of living in those places. The history of the first cities in Anatolia dates back to years 7.000 BC. The excavations in the Hacilar Tumulus (near today’s Burdur in Mediteranian region of Turkey) have shown that the civilization in this place is even older than Mesopotamia. Among the historians, it is a generally accepted fact that during the Neolithic and Khalkolithic ages, this region was the most developed region of the world. Then, starting with the years of 3.000 BC, Mesopotamia and Egypt, with the effect of inventing and using the alphabet, made big progress in trade activities and succeeded to go ahead of Anatolia.
James Villard June 13, 2012 The great empires of western civilizations rose and fell over the periods of time. The Egyptian empire saw a great rise in power around 2025 B.C.E. with the beginning of the Middle Kingdom founded by the warrior Thebes. The middle kingdom pharaohs were different from the past rulers. The middle kingdom focused their work force on economical and infrastructural matters rather than the construction extravagant tombs.