Questions & Answers on Pyramids (1) What is a pyramid? Answer: A pyramid is one of the earliest form of enormous monumental architecture constructed by humans. (2) How old are pyramids? Answer: According to most archeologist, the oldest of the Giza pyramids – the great Pyramids – was built for Khufu, the second king of Egypt’s Fourth Dynasty, around 2500 BC. (3) The Egyptian pyramids were built mostly of Answer: Stone Blocks (4) The great pyramids of ancient Egypt were built as Answer: Tombs (5) Which technique Egyptians had used to level the land?
The Giza pyramid weighs an astonishing weight of 5.9 million tons. I choose this subject because I found it to be amazing that mankind could build such a massive building without any modern machinery. In this paper I will be reviewing why and how the Giza pyramid was built. ‘What is known as fact is that The Great Pyramid was built by the pharaoh Khufu and it’s construction was supervised by his vizier Hemiunu, beginning in about the year 2580 B.C.’(ehow.com) It is believed that the Giza Pyramid was built as a burial tomb for the pharaoh Khufu The Giza pyramid is believed to have three burial chambers. The chambers are referred to as the King’s Chamber’ The Queens Chamber and the Unfinished Subterranean Chamber.
The history associated with the pyramids in Giza remains unclear. Experts proclaim Egyptian kings Khufu built the largest of the three, The Great Pyramid, during the fourth dynasty. However, there is no evidence to prove this, nor that he was buried inside the chambers as many indicate. The number of workers, the time taken, and the purpose to build these enormous structures is a mystery. The facts, however, estimated that the Great Pyramid consists of 2,300,000 block stones, weighing on average 2.5 tons each, in an area covering 15 acres.
|The Old and the New, Djoser’s Step Pyramid and Hatshepsut’s Mortuary Temple | | | | | Djoser’s Step Pyramid Built to hold his body after death, Djoser’s Step Pyramid rises 62 meters high and is built entirely of stone. Until the beginning of the Third Dynasty of Ancient Egypt, the main building materials were wood, reeds, and mudbrick. The first building to be constructed complexly in stone was the Step Pyramid of Pharaoh Djoser at Saqqara (Garret). Before this only a few details, such as doorways or the paving of a tomb chamber, had been made of stone. According to Manetho, the inventor of the art of building in stone was Imhotep.
Compare and Contrast Mesopotamia and Egypt Approximately 5500 years ago four of the worlds' most prestigious ancient river civilizations had emerged. Our world has been left in astonishment and awe wondering how these civilizations were developed. Egypt and Mesopotamia were the first ancient river civilizations to create cities and their own ways of living. Political, economic, and religion played an enormous role in the development of the ancient cities. Although there is evidence of early Sumerian contact with the Egyptians, Egypt's civilization was largely self-generated and its history and cultural patterns differed from Mesopotamia.
Kuelap is also known as the lost kingdom of the Chachapoyas culture, which was discovered in 1843, by John Crisostomo Nieto, a Chachapoyas judge. Kuelap is similar to Machu Picchu, Machu Picchu is built with massive stones which is similar to Kuelap. Kuelap contains more than four hundred buildings so does Machu Picchu. In contrast to Machu Picchu, the Kuelap houses were made in cylindrical shape with geometric decorations. Kuelap is one of the amazing and breathtaking landmark in Chachapoyas which is located at the summit of a hill that rises on the left bank of the Utcubamba.
Hal Saflieni Hypogeum is a cultural property of exceptional prehistoric value. This unique monument dates back to early antiquity (about 2500 BC) and it is the only known example of a subterranean structure of the Bronze Age. The hypogeum was discovered accidentally in 1902 by a stonemason who was laying the foundations of some houses on the island of Malta. Temi Zammit, the first Director of Malta's Museums Department, assumed responsibility for the excavation. His excavation yielded a
The third difference is architecture. The mesopotamians had The most famous and important building which was the temple dedicated to the gods and goddesses of the city. The temple was called a ziggurat and was built atop a massive stepped towerHousing were built by sun-dried bricks, and a small portion of buildings were made by stone or wood. Egyptians had Pyramids, Large boats for transport, and Rigid structures that held pharaoh at the top, followed by priests, artisans, farmers, and finally slaves. The last difference is religion.
“Stonehenge Decoded” Stonehenge Decoded examines British archaeologist Mike Parker Pearson’s theory about Stonehenge. His theory suggests that the stone circle was at the center of one of the largest prehistoric religious sites in the world. Pearson and his team uncover the first evidence of a 4,500 year-old lost settlement with at least 300 houses. It is the largest Stone Age settlement ever found in Northern Europe. At its center lie the remains of a near replica of Stonehenge built of wood.
“Based on current consumption, it is estimated that you - and every other person in the United States - will use more than a million pounds of rocks, minerals and metals during your lifetime.” (“Rock and Mineral Uses”) This includes 800 pounds of lead, 1500 pounds of copper, and 28,000 pounds of salt. What is a rock? All rocks are minerals but not all minerals are rocks. “Rocks are created from one or more hardened minerals that have been pressed down, or forced together from heat and pressure. Minerals are solid material found inside and on Earth’s surface.” (“Rocks and Geology”) On Earth, there are three main rock classifications.