The Great Debate: Creation Versus Evolution

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Amanda Winn English 111 The Great Debate: Creation Versus Evolution Over the past four decades, one of the most controversial issues has been over evolution versus creationism. America has struggled with religious faith and its fondness for scientific progress. The consistent battle over whether evolution or creation should be taught in the classroom dates back to the eighteenth century and is still present today. A man named Charles Darwin was one of the first people to publish a theory about evolution. Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species, published on 24 November 1859, is a work of scientific literature which is considered to be the foundation of evolutionary biology. For the sixth edition of 1872, the short title was changed to The Origin of Species. Darwin's book introduced the scientific theory that populations evolve over the course of generations through a process of natural selection. It presented a body of evidence that the diversity of life arose by common descent through a branching pattern of evolution. Darwin’s theory of evolution is an impressive unifying principle that credibly explains that all life is related and has descended from a common ancestor and therefore, should be taught in public schools. The movie Inherit the Wind was written in as a response to the threat in intellectual freedom. The movie was loosely based on the Tennessee versus John Thomas Scopes trial that captured the nation’s attention as a media circus. The State of Tennessee v. Scopes and informally known as the Scopes Monkey Trial—was an American legal case in 1925 in which a high school biology teacher John Scopes was accused of violating the state's Butler Act that made it unlawful to teach evolution. The movie was very critical of Creationism. Clarence Darrow, the defending attorney, was played by Henry Drummond in Inherit the Wind. William

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