The root of this decision lies in the pirate activity of the four African Barbary states (Document D). When Tripoli demanded the US buy protection in order to stop the naval harassment, Jefferson refused, negating the views of other Federalists who would have done differently. Tripoli declared war on the United States, and Jefferson was forced to augment the size of the navy in order to defeat the Barbary pirates. The Louisiana Purchase is another course of action taken by Jefferson known for contradicting his strict constructionist views. Neglecting the fact that there is no clause in the Constitution permitting him to purchase land, Jefferson used Napoleon’s European conquest to help him get rid of New World worries.
Civil War, President Lincoln When President Lincoln was elected, the southern stated were very upset. The Republican Party had run on an anti-slavery platform, and many southern felt that there were no longer wanted in the Union. Several states seceded and created the Confederated States of America and elected Jefferson Davis as the provisional president. Lincoln proclaimed that his duty was to keep the Union. He had no intention of ending slavery where it existed, or taking back the Fugitive Act Law.
Prelude to Civil War DBQ By the 1850's the Constitution, originally framed as an instrument of national unity, had become a source of sectional discord and tension and ultimately contributed to the failure of the union it has created. It is known that the union did not last that’s why the Civil War happened. If everyone could agree on what the constitution implied, then there probably would not have been a civil war. From many of the documents, there are arguments about what the constitution states. "To the Argument, that the word 'slaves' and 'slavery' are not to be found in The Constitution, and therefore it was never intended to give any protection or countenance to the slave system, it is sufficient to reply, that no such words are continued in the instrument, other words were used, intelligently and specifically, to meet the necessities of slavery."
DBQ Unsure interpretations of the Constitution were the main source of conflict within America between the years 1850-1861. Since a solid compromise had not been created to resolve measures, the slavery quandary within the territories was left ignored and unsolved. In order to keep tranquility within the country, the Constitution allowed slavery to continue, granting thirteen established colonies unity and consequently delayed the eruption of the Civil War for almost a decade. The Constitution contained many assorted compromises and acts for an option that everyone can agree on. Many counter arguments were formed upon what the constitution clearly states, for example the words ‘slaves’ and ‘slavery’ were nowhere to be found within the text of the Constitution and therefore protection of the slave system was annulled of being backed up constitutionally (Doc.
These examples would explain how the lives of Southerners would be ruined and that the country would come to an end if slaves were freed. On page 22, Dew gave portions of a speech, by Governor John J. Petus of Mississippi that was given to the state legislature. In this speech he said, “Secession was the only way to avoid the blight of Black Republicans politics and free Negro morals”, he continued to say that if slaves were freed, Mississippi would become “a cesspool of vice, crime and infamy” (22). Petus was attempting to rationalize that the state would become a haven of criminals if slaves were freed. What he was more than likely concerned with was the idea of losing the vast revenue accrued from slavery, but he used scare tactics to get approval for secession.
A Democratic-Republican supporter George Hay of Philadelphia argued that any kind of legislation against a protected freedom, in this case freedom of the press and opinion, is “extremely forbidden by the constitution” (Doc. 7). Democrat-Republicans Thomas Jefferson and James Madison quietly rebelled against the Alien and Sedition Acts by drafting the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions. They argued that the
This was created during a series of joint debates between Illinois senate candidates, Abraham Lincoln and Steven Douglas. Lincoln asked Douglas of his opinion on whether the state’s or Supreme Court’s decree of slavery in each state would prevail. Douglas replied that no matter how the court ruled, slavery would stay down, if the people of that state voted it down. Although Douglas defeated Lincoln for the Senate seat, he experienced an immense loss of support by Southern Democrats, and hurt his chances of winning the presidential election. Because, most of the Democratic party disagreed with his opinion, Douglas not only contributed to his own downfall, but also to the split of the Democratic
He just didn’t want it to spread into the Free states. After Lincolns’ failed attempt at convincing the slave states [the south] to stop slavery South Carolina, followed by Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana and Texas all seceded from the union on December 20th of the same year. They named their states the Confederate states of America. Their president, Jefferson Davis, was a former U.S.
When the war was over slavery was abolished but in the Presidential Election of 1864, Douglass did not support Lincoln because he felt that Lincoln was not enforcing that the blacks still could not vote, instead he supported John C. Fremont. When Lincoln died Douglass was one of the speakers, saying that Lincoln was a “white man’s president”, he also mentioned the positive and negatives about Lincoln’s presidency and how Lincoln want the expansion of slavery to stop but not completely eliminated. When Douglass gave his monthly speech in September 1861 “The Mission for War” (Douglass 176), he wanted to criticize the way that the army was being segregated and how black were not being given the same opportunities as white soldiers. He begins by mentioning how many blacks fought during the Revolutionary War, who received their freedom, but would still be willing to fight for their country if need be. But the Union does not want blacks with weapons since they themselves believed that black soldiers would not make for adequate troops.
William Seward was a leading anti-slavery figure who later became secretary of state in the Lincoln administration. He believed that the two systems held by the North and the South (free labour and slavery) were “incompatible”. He stated that eventually America would have to become either fully a free labour nation or a slaveholding nation. While not everyone felt so strongly about this in the North (many didn’t care about the slavery issue at all) it was a reason that soldiers and leaders on either side went to war and fought for (in the North to end it, in the South to defend it). Lincoln was of the opinion that while he would never accept the extension of slavery he would make no direct attempt to interfere with it where it existed.