The genocide in Darfur, Sudan has already caused hundreds of thousands of Darfuris to die and cause more than 2 million people to be homeless. The genocide began in early 2003 when members of two rebel groups revolted against the Sudanese government in Khartoum alleging systematic neglect of the inhabitants of Darfur. The two rebel groups are the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA). The government responded by launching an assault against these two rebel groups. Black Arabs were being discriminated against because they were black and they were being told that they weren't in the right religion.
Many of the violent acts done to the citizens in Darfur can be considered genocide by its definition under the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide. This was also proven when looking at the fact the Sudanese government has attacked its citizens in the past. The attacks in the past happened mostly in the Southern parts of Sudan. However like what happened in Darfur the genocide started due to disputes between Herders of Arab ethnic origin and non Arab farmers. It is also clear that genocide happened when comparing what happened in the Rwandan Genocide with the Genocide in Darfur.
The Sudanese government had a lot of resources and weapons and supported the militia group called the Janjaweed. In 2003 the Janjaweed started crimes against humanity by killing hundreds of mostly non Arabic people in Darfur every day. The Janjaweed would leave streets bloody, rape, torture, and drive away millions of people from their
The Genocide in Rwanda: Why did it happen? On April 7th 1994 the day after the presidents of the African states of Rwanda and Burundi had been killed in a plane crash near the Rwandan capital, what followed is one of the darkest and most brutal tragedies in modern history. Leaders of the Hutu Power and other hard-line extremists orchestrated the annihilation of around 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus and further displaced another 4 million. There are many factors which influenced the genocide including the radical ideologies of the extremist faction of the Habyarimana regime but ultimately the catastrophic failures of the UN and the idleness international community led to genocide. Rwanda is a country with a rich colonial history; firstly
Ethnic tensions heightened quickly. 2,500 UN military officials from all over the world were sent to Rwanda to keep the peace between the Hutus and Tutsis. They were led by General Romeo Dallaire of Canada. The UN officials tried to keep peace as best they could, however the seize fire agreement was threatened by the Interahamwe, a group of extremists for Hutu nationalism who wished to exterminate all of the Tutsis. On April 6, 1994, President Habyarimana’s plane was shot down while returning from a peace meeting with the Tutsi rebels.
On April, 2006 the UN Security Council passed sanctions on high ranking members of the Sudanese government accusing them of war crimes against the Darfurian people. The United States also responded by passing sanctions on 31 major Sudanese companies in the hopes of hurting the government economically to have an effect on their ability to continue to oppress the Darfurians. These were only part of small efforts made by the international community that continued to have no effect on the war or the genocide. Still, very few steps have been made by governing bodies to end the violence in Darfur. Most of the support that is received comes from private institutions and private funding.
It is estimated that some 200,000 people participated in the perpetration of the Rwandan genocide. In the weeks after April 6, 1994, 800,000 men, women, and children perished in the Rwandan genocide, perhaps as many as three quarters of the Tutsi population. At the same time, thousands of Hutu were murdered because they opposed the killing campaign and the forces directing it. The Rwandan genocide resulted from the conscious choice of the elite to promote hatred and fear to keep itself in power. This
There were many languages that were spoken there. These languages included: Kinyarwanda, French and English. There were also a variety of religions, for example: the Roman Catholic, the Protestants, the Muslims and many more indigenous beliefs. This peaceful country soon changed into a ravaged country where at least 500,000 people were killed between April and July 1994 when a Hutu extremist-led government launched a plan to murder the country’s entire Tutsi minority
The children of Rwanda were drastically affected by the outcome. Many of whom were left alone in the word and orphaned because of the murder of their parents. In Rwanda there are more the 600,000 children with out homes or parents and 200,000 of those parents lost their lives to AIDS and about 300,000 because of cold blood murder. 3)What are the challenges facing children in Rwanda in the aftermath of genocide? Give at least two examples.
Genocide is the deliberate and systematic destruction, in whole or in part, of an ethnic, racial, religious, or national group. Everybody in their life time has heard about the Holocaust, but there were many other genocides besides the Holocaust. One of the other genocides is the genocide in Rwanda. Like the Holocaust, the genocide in Rwanda involved the government trying to annihilate the other ethnic group. The Genocide lasted from April to June of 1994.