The French Revolution Essay

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The French Revolution The French Revolution Mary Brand HIS104: World Civilizations Andrew Cramer October 16, 2012 The French Revolution The Enlightenment brought many changes in people lines with their view of religion and government aspects. The Enlightenment helped to shape the policies of the French Revolution. The Enlightenment ideas about religion and society shaped the policies; it was a time of increased interest in learning, logic, and reason. Traditional beliefs were re-examined and sometimes rejected astronomical studies led to the replacement of the geocentric theory with the heliocentric theory. Enlightenment thinkers believed that the universe was not governed by random chaos, but was designed to follow fixed sets of laws. They believed that understanding these laws was the key to unlocking the secrets of the universe. John Locke argued said,” That the King did not have divine right to rule, so their authority should be limited.” Under the rule of Catherine the Great, Russia was rapidly modernizing as the Russian elite embraced western technological advances, fashions, food and art at great financial costs to the entire country. Land owners increased the tax burdens on their serfs to counter balance their expensive standard of living. Pleasants in turn engaged in mass protects and rebellions through escaping, rioting and engaging in insurrections against the aristocracy. Pugachev opposed the order and promising religious freedom, gained even greater popularity. Bosin,Y.V (2009) The way people viewed political and social policies, citizenship, democracy, and human rights were all important aspects of the Enlightenment. As a result the phrase “Liberty, equality fraternity” became a popular slogan of the French

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