Through examining the letter sent to King George III, it appears as though Qian Long is attempting to minimize his subjects’ exposure to foreign influences. Qian Long refutes King George’s attempt to enter China as he acknowledges the concern of British/Chinese trade. The rationale behind the attempt of King George III to plant European nationals in China was to exercise control over his country's trade. But Britain had been trading in Canton for many years, and was received well by Chinese traders. The Emperor rebuts King George’s approach with simple logic, saying “Peking is nearly two thousand miles from Canton, and at such a distance what possible control could any British representative exercise?” By slaying British attempts to justify penetration into China, Qian Long embodies power and prejudice while secluding his peoples and culture.
China was completely contrary from Central Africa on economic, political, and cultural bases during the 1500-1800. From 1000-1500 China led the world in economic development and there after experiencing the trauma of rule by the Yuan Dynasty, China adopted policies that favoured Chinese political and cultural tradition. On the other hand, the kingdoms of central Africa had initiated commercial relations with Portuguese merchants and diplomatic relations with Portuguese monarchy. Portuguese traded for slaves and slave trade undetermined the authority of the King. The Kings were converts of Christianity just to establish closer relations with Portuguese whereas Chinese has great problems with the exclusivity of Christianity but the Jesuits were respectful of Chinese culture and won a few converts.
The course of the war itself significantly affected the political and ideological relationship of the colonials to their mother country, inasmuch as the colonists found the British imposition of restrictions and its hierarchical army to be repulsive to liberty, while the British saw the need for greater imperial control. However, it was the economic aftermath of the war, which left Britain with a changing war debt and a need to raise new colonial revenues that militated most heavily against colonial cooperation with the British. The French and Indian War, called the Seven Years’ war in Europe, had its antecedents in the settlement of the French and the British in the Ohio valley region of the American continent. Both the French and British sought to control lands in the region, while the Native Americans resisted the attempts of both to settle. The Indians largely played off of both sides to maintain an uneasy balance of power, but one group eventually decided to great trading concessions to the British, giving England greater access to the interior of the continent.
In response, colonist Samuel Adams founded the Sons of Liberty. The group 'Sons of Liberty' was a mysterious group that led colonial protests, it is known as the first response from colonists because of British tax actions. Some examples of how the Sons of Liberty protested is that they would raid and destroy officials’ homes within the colonies, as well as boycott all British product that were taxed. Unfortunately for the colonies, that wasn’t the end of Britain’s unfair taxing that forced a colonial rebellion.Another example of Parliament and King George's attempts to retain control of the colonies was with what is known as The Tea Act of 1773. This tax action instilled by Parliament, the Tea Act, was put in place by Parliament to keep the British East India Company, a competing tea company within the colonies, from failing.
Why Europe? Anan Patel 12/16/13 The Europeans were the first people to explore and conquer the rest of the world. But, before they explored the world the Chinese had started this voyage project also, but they eventually receded from this because they were looking to focus more on domestic matters (DOC 2, 3, 4, and 5). The reason why Europe succeeded and the others didn’t because Europe already had advantages in society because of the plant and animal domestication, also they had enough competition between the different European countries to go out on voyages to look for more (DOC 1, 6, 7, 9) . On the other hand, the other countries weren’t able to succeed because they conquered by Europeans or their population died out from diseases or plagues (DOC 4, 5, 8).
This tea act law was believed to be a trick. So , American colonist protested against the taxation on the tea because they believed the tax was used for sending their troops out to the Indian and French war. That is one reason why the Boston tea party was a contribution to the American Revolution. Second, When the three
American had good relations with China so they told Japan if they don’t leave they will stop trading oil with them. They didn’t leave so we kept our promise with the oil trading halt. Eventually, Japan was forced out of China with an established grudge against America hence the bombing of Pearl Harbor. Before the attack on Pearl Harbor, even though America was neutral in the war, they were already somewhat involved in the war because they were supplying British and French allies with war supplies and materials under the Lend Lease Act. Britain and France were having problems with the axis powers Germany, Italy, and
Throughout the 19th century, American relations with China were restricted to a small but profitable trade a. The British, in competition with France, Germany, and Russia, took advantage of the crumbling Manchu dynasty to force treaties on China, creating “treaty ports” and granting exclusive trading privileges in various parts of the country. b. American attitudes toward the Chinese people reflected this confusion of motives. 2. The annexation of Hawaii and Philippines in 1898 and 1899 convinced Secretary of State Hay that the US should have announced a China policy.
Obviously we imported these things from England before the war and now they have been cut off. The Continental army was able to get some drugs via the West Indies. Although American doctors relied on the so-called heroic remedies of emetics, purges, and bleeding in the treatment of patients, they were inclined by necessity to use simpler remedies that utilized native herbs. (Risch 1981) The principle drugs used by physicians during the revolution were jalap, ipecac, calomel, and opium. Because many imported drugs were scarce and expensive, physicians made great use of native plants valuable for their medicinal qualities.
Dale Gieringer states that in the late 1800’s cannabis was only administered orally and it was later found that smoked cannabis produced the quicker euphoric results that many people enjoy today. The need for drug control, fueled by anti-Chinese immigration and opium dens, lawmakers in California developed the State Board of Pharmacy (Gieringer). This board would be the first of its kind and ultimately would set the stage for the legislation that came in later years to try and make America a drug free nation. Scientists were unsure of how to categorize cannabis and its effects. Some said cannabis was a stimulant while others said it was a depressant.