The Features Of Mozart’s Symphony No.4 Essay

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An Essay On The Features Of Mozart’s Symphony No.40 in G Minor, 1st Movement This fine classical piece, written in 1788 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, has many notable features, textures and subjects. There are balanced and elegant melodies, with clear-cut phases and cadence points. There are a range of moods within this symphony. A symphony in itself is a very large piece played by the full orchestra, and in this piece the 1st movement has sonata form, and is brisk and purposeful (molto allegro). Sonata form means that it has 3 main sections; Exposition, Development and finally Recapitulation. Within Exposition (which is homophonic) there is the 1st Subject, the Bridge Passage, the 2nd Subject and finally the Codetta. The structure of Development is based on the first subject; yet texture becomes more polyphonic and explores different keys and pedals as well as themes passing between different instruments. Recapitulation has many scale passages and rising sequences, but ends with a codetta; it too being homophonic as Exposition was. Rhythm shown in Mozart’s sonata is as follows; there are many scale passages and rising sequences, and while the 1st subject (in Exposition)it has a crotchet & quaver rhythm, the 2nd has a slower, legato rhythm. The time signature of the piece is 4/4. The Instrumentation of the piece uses violins, violas, cellos, double basses, a flute, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons and 2 horns. The main Key Signature of the piece is G minor, however the tonality of the piece alters from subject to subject. For example, in the 2nd Subject (of Exposition) it modulates to B flat major, but then returns to G minor in Recapitulation. In the Development section however, a variety of keys are explored. Elsa Minns There is a Limited Pitch Range but in the 1st Subject (Exp.) violins play in octaves but in the 2nd subject it moves

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