The Euthyphro Dilemma

579 Words3 Pages
The Euthryphro Dilemma One of the most common and popular sources that people in our world look to for morality happens to be religion. When religion and morality are associated with each other, there are three main assumptions made. The first one is that religious beliefs are needed to motivate us to be good. The second one is that God is the one who created morality. The third one is that religion is needed for moral guidance. Though, all three of these assumptions associated with religion and morality come with many criticisms, we will focus on the second assumption. Religious people commonly hold the belief that God or a higher being is the creator of what is morally right versus what is morally wrong. This view is called the Divine Command Theory, which basically entails that an action is morally right if God commands it and an action is morally wrong if God forbids it. In Euthyphro, a short dialogue by Plato, the character of Euthryphro suggests that a person or action is pious or morally right if the Gods agree with it and love it. The character of Socrates then raises a critical question: “Do the Gods love what is morally right because it is morally right or is it morally right because the Gods love it?” This question can also be put as, “does God command something because it is already right or is it right only because God commands it?” What makes this question important is that for the Divine Command Theory to be true, one of the two parts to this question must be accepted. But if either options of this question are accepted, then the logical conclusions seem to clash with other views that Divine Command Theorists may have. The first option implies that God loves or commands something because it is morally right. This would mean that God did not create morality but on the other hand recognized that something was already morally good and
Open Document