The First Punic War took place in 264 BCE as a result of hostilities in Sicily. In 289 BCE, the Greek city of Messana, located in Northern Sicily, was seized by Campanian mercenaries. By 264 BCE, the Greek tyrant of Syracuse attempted to drive the mercenaries out of the island. In response, the Campanians looked to the Carthaginians, who had a colony located in western Sicily, for naval support. After the siege was lifted, the Carthaginians kept their navy in the harbor of Messana.
How did the romans succeed in conquering Italy? The Roman's conquest of all of Italy was not easy (to say the least). The Roman's conquest took hundreds of years as well as one major setback when it was burned to the ground. * Beginning of Roman Conquest-The Roman's conquest of Italy began in 509 BC after they expelled the aristocratic Tarquins family. The Romans next set their sights on the Etruscans and quickly drove them out of the Italian peninsula.
Evaluation of the Changes in Roman Society Due to Punic Wars. The Punic wars were the important events in the western civilization as they were the taking place simultaneously with the development of Rome empire. The invasion of Italy left Rome with the major rival in the Carthage. Carthage is located on the peninsula in the Gulf of Tunis, and it is linked by two canals as it has two harbors. In all, there occurred three different Punic wars at different times.
At first Rome was ruled by Latin kings. However it came under the rule of the Etruscans of northern Italy. The Etruscans had influence on Roman society. The Etruscans ruled Rome until 509 BCE. The Romans established a new type of government a republic.
Between 58 and 51BC a series of military campaigns, known as the Gallic Wars, were waged in Gaul by the Romans, under the lead of Gaius Julius Caeser. As a member of the first triumvirate of rulers of the Roman republic, Julius Caeser held the consulship ship of a number of provinces including two in southern France. By this time the Roman republic already held great sway in Gaul, with many tribes trading with Rome and looking to the Romans for assistance in disputes with neighbouring tribes. This has since been seen as clever politics as by siding with individual tribes they systematically disposed of their troublesome enemies. In 58BC the Helvetii tribe of Eastern Gaul began to encroach on the lands of the Aedui, Ambarri and Allobroges tribes.
Molise is the ancestral home of the Samnites, A fierce warlike people that would regularly defeat the Roman Legions. However, overtime the Samnites were absorbed into Roman culture but the intense battles fought between them are still remembered today. Molise got its name after the fall of Rome, during the period when local inhabitants, invading Lombards and adventuring Normans vied for the region. Molise was both the name of a castle as well as the name of a local warlord family. From the High Middle Ages until the Italian unification in 1861, Molise was part of the Kingdom of Naples, with power being split between Bourbon and Spanish overlords.
Napoleon planned an attack on the Royalists and defeated them again. Napoleon became indispensable to the Directory he returned to Paris from Italy as a hero, more popular than the Directors. In 1798 Napoleon planned to invade Britain but on realizing the French were not equipped to do so, he decided to do an expedition to Egypt instead. He included academics and intellectuals in his army because he wanted to plunder Egypt militarily but also culturally. On the way he conquered Malta and finally arrived in Egypt where he easily won the battle of the Pyramids.
He establishes a multiracial kingdom in which he sets to establish a unity of common Greek culture. Caesar Augustus was also known as a good military commander. Following Caesar’s death, Augustus along with Mark Antony and Lepidus, defeated Caesar’s murderers in 42 BC at Philippi. After this the Mediterranean was divided with Augustus controlling the west, Antony controlling the east, and Lepidus controlling Africa. Later Octavian defeats Lepidus and controls Africa.
Hannibal the Hero December 17, 2011 For Queen Victoria Matthews Esteemed Work of Knave Shervin Ghiami Hannibal Barca of Carthage (247-183 BCE) is considered today by historians as one of the brilliant military tacticians of the Classical Era. His main enemy was the Mighty Roman Republic during the Second Punic War. Hannibal’s great victories against the Romans in this war include the battles of Trebbia, Lake Trasimene and Cannae. In the eyes of the Romans, Hannibal was this terrifying, merciless brute; however, he ultimately failed in conquering Rome. Firstly, the government of Carthage, in spite of being a remarkably stable system, was a poor supporter for Hannibal during his campaign.