Under Saddam Hussein’s rule, Iraq faced UN economic sanctions that constrained the oil industry making trade very difficult. Although these sanctions have since been lifted, civil unrest and internal economic problems since the war have continued to disrupt supplies. Iran has an elected government but its politics are strongly influenced by religious leaders. This has damaged relations between Iran and the Western world and as a result the supply of oil from this region has been restricted. Political developments in the Middle East are therefore of great importance to the energy security of the rest of the world as the region possesses most of the worlds oil and gas reserves.
The dilemma in this situation is that high-powered engines use higher amounts of fuel, which emit toxins that pollute the air, which is a contributing factor to global warming. The pollution is a negative effect on air quality. Thus, building these cars is good for producers and fun consumers, but bad for society. Nuclear plants also have a micro-macro dilemma. While used to generate electricity from nuclear fuel, opponents of nuclear plants feel it poses many threats to people and the environment.
According to the investigation report by the U.S. Coast Guard and Ocean Energy Authority, the cement for reinforcing the oil well was the main reason for this disaster. Also, the Macondo well already had financial problems and the monitoring devices appeared abnormal. Indeed, the negative growth in the past meant that the company was seeking money badly. Halliburton and possibly BP decided not to wait for cement stability test results and poorly redesigned the cement mixture. The crisis was caused by their decision, because they underestimated the risk that they might have.
The modification would allow contracts between the Mexican government and private companies to share profits from the extradition of oil and gas throughout the country, as well as, the deep-water sites located in the Gulf of Mexico (Krauze, 2013). If passed, the reform would make radical changes to the entire industry in Mexico and beyond by opening up competition along the entire oil and gas supply chain including the refining process, transportation, storage, distribution and basic petro chemicals. However, the privatization of Pemex will stir up strong opposition and controversy in Mexico. The Democratic Revolution party has already voiced its strong opinion against the reform. However, Pena Nieto’s ruling Institutional Revolutionary party and the
English 150 15 February 2007 Sport Utility’s vs. the Environment: Koehl’s Argument against Sport Utility Vehicles The Article, “Sport Utility Vehicles Are Bad for the Environment” Albert Koehl attempts to persuade the reader that SUVs cause significant damage to the environment. Koehl claims that “SUVs emit excessive amounts” of poisonous greenhouse gasses which “waste fossil fuels, and are inefficient.” He also states that these vehicles “contribute to global warming” (Koehl 129). Considering this, the safety and protection of the environment is of great importance in Koehl’s article. The proposed way to achieve this level of safety and protection is through eliminating the extensive use of SUVs. In this article, Koehl argues that SUVs are inefficient and bad for the environment.
Natural gas is formed as the organic materials in these deposits degrade anaerobically. The Marcellus Shale gas is mostly thermogenic, with enough heat and pressure to produce primarily dry natural gas. Natural gas extraction in the Marcellus Shale is currently an expensive endeavor the large amount of water used, and management of the wastewater are also very costly factors. Despite the cost Marcellus Shale extraction is expected to usher jobs creation an d other economic opportunities. Challenges E xploration and Drilling The protection of sensitive ecosystems or habitat for flora and fauna that may be destroyed during site preparation is a major challenge.
Explain why oil exploration in the areas shown could lead to high economic and environmental costs. (10) The environmental effects of oil exploitation in these areas can vary depending upon the type, position and severity, however most pose the threat of being potentially severe. The explorations are taking place in deep water areas such as the Gulf of Mexico, the North Sea or the Arctic. Just one of the many potential risks and dangers of deep sea drilling is highlighted by the horizon oil rig spill of oil extracted from the sea floor. A spill in any of the deep sea areas would reduce the biodiversity of that area through reductions of bird populations, fish-stocks and populations of marine mammals.
These opposing viewpoints include if we are using too much of them, the availability of them and how reliable they are. First of all, the first opposing viewpoint of this issue is if we are using up too much of our resources and how bad we are handling these issues. Here in America, we just resort to using our fossil fuels as our primary source of energy, but that has raised a lot of eyebrows and caused a lot of opposition. People of opposition did not like the fact of how these fossil fuels were being handled and how fast they were being used. Knowing that we have renewable resources, the opposing voices argued that we need to use less fossil fuels and more of the renewable resources.
Oil is often found in remote hostile locations such as Antarctica or the Middle East. Oil has global political influences. Western countries are seeking to gain political influence in regions of the Middle East that have a large oil reserves. As a result of the west’s hunger for oil the increase in price has been a major drain on the financial reserves of many developed countries and beyond the reach of most developing countries, because of this developing countries are forced to use less effective fuels. One attempts by western countries to ensure a supply of oil has been the BT C pipeline, which is brought problems than benefits for the country’s that it runs through and the people of those countries.
After examining the work of three main authors (Coke &Weir, 1987, Akabzaa & Darimani, 2001, and Bukvić et al. 2011) it was deduced that bauxite mining is an environmental threat because it generates a large quantity of waste matter and the disposal techniques employed do not effectively prevent toxins from being transferred into the environment. Secondly, the chemical malpractice is a major issue in the mining industry and the environment and its inhabitants continue to suffer and die from diseases caused from exposure to these toxic chemicals. The bauxite industry has serious implications on the health and continuity of the different species in the environment and major steps should be taken to reduce the impact of this industry on the environment. Bauxite deposits have been found in over sixteen countries in the world and bauxite mining has also been popular in most of these countries for centuries.