the enlightenment Essay

400 Words2 Pages
The enlightenment was a time of learning and discovery in Europe during the 1700’s. During this period many inventions and ideas surfaced that shaped the modern world. Many scientists and philosophers were involved in creating the new inventions and ideas. One scientist was Isaac Newton. Newton lived between 1642 and 1727. He is considered to be one of the most brilliant minds the world has ever known. He created a theory for gravity after watching an apple fall off of a tree. He created 3 laws of motion which tell how everything moves. He also created the reflecting telescope, which is the basic design behind all large telescopes used today. Isaac Newton also created calculus which is the study of limits, derivatives, integrals, and infinite series. Another scientist of the enlightenment period was Galileo Galilei. Galileo was born in Piza, Italy to a upper middle class family. In 1608 Galileo made a telescope that had 3x magnifacation and later created a telescope with 32x magnification. With these inventions he was able to see fantastic images of space from earth. Galileo discovered that jupiter has 4 moons that orbit around it. He also discovered that Venus orbited around the sun, not the earth. This was crucial as people began to learn that the earth was not the center of the universe. Galileo was also the first person to discover lunar mountains and craters. Another great scientist of the enlightenment was Nicolaus Copernicus. Copernicus was born in a small town in Prussia and grew up there. Copernicus was the first astronomer to create a heliocentric cosmology that showed the sun as the center of the universe. Early astronomers belived in heliocentrism but his theory was proven by math and oberservation. His theory sparked a revolution in science and changed the way scientists thought forever. John Locke was a political philisopher during the

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