The Endocrine System Essay

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THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM The endocrine system is a group of glands distributed throughout the human body. This group of glands secretes substances called hormones. These hormones are dumping into the bloodstream (Shier, Butler &ump; Lewis, 2009). The endocrine system does not have a single anatomic location. It is dispersed throughout the human body. The final purpose of this process is to control, regulate, and coordinate the functioning of the human body. Some body functions can be activated or inhibited by hormones, which are secreted in very small quantities. The hormone related diseases may be due to hyper secretion, or a hypo secretion. The hormones secreted by the endocrine glands regulate growth, development and function of many tissues, and coordinate the body's metabolic processes. An inadequate secretion of hormones may cause disorders in the body, which on occasion result in serious health consequences. The major endocrine glands are the pituitary gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, adrenal glands, pancreas, pineal gland, thymus gland, and reproductive glands (Shier et al., 2009). The pituitary gland is situated at the base of the brain. Through hormones secreted by it, controls the operation of major endocrine glands like thyroid, adrenals, reproductive glands and body growth, then an anomaly in capacity of pituitary gland show symptoms that result from a lack of secreted hormones that normally stimulate. In reaction to excess or deficiency of pituitary hormones, the glands affected by these hormones can cause an excess or a deficiency of their own hormones.. On the other hand pituitary gland acts on the stimulation of the thyroid gland to secrete hormones that regulate the body's metabolism, energy, and nervous system activity. The thyroid is a small gland in the neck, in front of the trachea below the larynx. Thyroid hormones control

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