It's on a destructive margin (a margin where land/crust is destroyed by it being pushed down under another plate, where the plates are moving together). Over time, the volcanic activity at this margin has made Japan, in the same way that Hawaii was formed. Unfortunately, because the earth still shifts a lot, Japan is constantly threatened by severe earthquakes. Earthquakes in the past have killed hundreds of thousands of people. Japan is in the same situation as California, which is right along the San Andreas fault.
This type of devastation happened on March 11 2011 in Japan when a very powerful tsunami ruined the land, and on October 17 1989 when California was hit by huge earthquake named Loma Prieta. This essay will compare and contrast these two world shaking events and give some research about the two events as well. Maybe you will learn about some interesting facts about the two. A earthquake is described as a sudden and violent shaking of the ground, resulting from the movement within the earth’s crust or from volcanic action. It sometimes causes great destruction.
Explain why coastal California is considered a disaster hotspot? (15marks) A disaster hotspot is a country or area that is vulnerable/ disaster prone due the hazards that are; Geophysical, hydro- meteorological. A human factor that increases the risk is vulnerability which includes- population density, wealth and GDP (gross domestic products) which affects the impact of the natural hazard. California is considered a disaster hotspot as all of these factors contribute to an increased danger to human life, meaning it is susceptible to the following natural hazards: earthquake, tsunamis, volcanoes, droughts, wildfires, fog and smog, hurricanes and landslides. One hazard can often trigger others (e.g.
Conservative plate boundaries, such as the Pacific and North American plate, move at 2-3cm/year causing damage to cities along the fault, such as Los Angeles. Earthquakes have different impacts depending on the depth of the focus, the exact point underground where the quake struck, but also the human factors such as land use, population density and the infrastructure apparent. The Boxing Day tsunami in 2004 was created due to an earthquake that displaced 15-20 metres of water along a 1600km slip plane creating an earthquake that measured at 9.1 on the Richter scale. It caused a tsunami wave (as shown in Figure 1) which resulted in the deaths of 250,000 people. The Loma Prieta earthquake that ruined San Francisco in 1989 resulted in 63 deaths and 3,757 injuries.
Geography Kobe earthquake The Effects of the Earthquake: The immediate effects of the earthquake are known as primary effects. They include the collapse of buildings, bridges and roads resulting from the seismic waves shaking the crust. During the 20 second earthquake, the ground moved up to 50 centimetres horizontally and up to 1 metre vertically. Some of the deaths were caused by these primary effects. The secondary effects include the fires that broke out all over the city of Kobe, the congestion and chaos on the roads, the closure of businesses and the problem of homelessness.
The therapy however does not promote the idea of allowing the woman to actually be in contact with the significant other that was the cause of the abuse because it is recognized that this may open the door for a repeat the past behavior; that start the cycle of abuse all over again. The biggest focus of the use of forgiveness therapy is to help the women who have been abused to not have feeling or resentment towards their former partner as well as diminishing the desire of the women to want to exact revenge. Coupled with other therapy techniques, the clinician will promote positive behaviors such fostering god will and promoting forgiveness; they do so by integrating the traumatic experience of the abuse with good moral choices that will negate the individual from repeating the abuse pattern or falling into bad behavior. Also the therapy helps to decrease and negate other behavior that often comes with abuse such as anxiety, depression as well as low self-esteem. Women who were subjects in the study on forgiveness therapy were separated from their romantic partner/spouse for at least two years.
Hurricanes and tsunamis are two of the many natural disasters in the world. They are very different but yet alike and affect people in the world everyday. To further examine the natural disasters, let us take a look at the formation, death toll, and reconstruction cost of hurricanes and tsunamis. Many scientists have researched and studied how hurricanes and tsunamis are formed. Hurricanes, also called typhoons in other parts of the world, start as thunderstorms.
Estimated cost to rebuild the basics = £100 billion. The worst affected area was in the central part of Kobe including the main docks and port area. This area is built on incompetent rocks, especially the port itself which is built on reclaimed ground. Here the ground underwent liquefaction and acting like a plastic, allowed buildings to topple sideways. Emergency aid for the city needed to use damaged roads but many of them were destroyed during the earthquake.
Sometimes people with jobs are one tragedy away from being homeless. Homelessness is very stressful, causing many problems such as depression, low self-esteem, and drug and alcohol abuse. Everyone is different and responds to homelessness in different ways. Children who have to deal with extreme poverty and homelessness might have trouble learning, emotional and physical problems, and bad behavior to name a few. Children find this confusing and upsetting.
In this paper, I explore the signs and symptoms of acute stress disorder and acute stress reactions, coping skills, treatment of, and if having a child with cancer can lead to one of these disorders. Introduction Everyone experiences some type of stress throughout his or her life. The loss of a job, divorce, becoming a victim of crime, and getting married are all examples of stressful experiences. Although the aforementioned events are stressful, having a child with cancer has a devastating effect on both the child with cancer and his or her family members. Parents of a child with cancer are affected emotionally, physically, financially, and spiritually (Fletcher, 2010).