Believe it or not we are all a witness of watching someone litter, or us littering. From planktons, to dolphins to birds can be affected by a simple oil spill in the ocean and especially in a close area like the Persian Gulf can cause great damage. When oil is spilled, toxins in the water spike and will shock the bodily systems of the animals living there, causing a massive amount of death and leading to endangerment. Before disaster had struck in 1991, the Persian gulf has beautiful clean beaches, filled with marine life. Beautiful clear, lushes water.
These runoffs have contributed to the beach closures, and the unsustainable condition of biological life in the lake. Human health is at great risk due to the untreated waste that is dumped in Lake Huron each year. The untreated sewage contains many viruses, two being Giardia (an intestinal parasite), cryptosporidium, which causes intestinal illnesses and even death. E. coli a more familiar virus has elevated its concentrations in Lake Huron, found in either animal or human feces, which causes diarrhea, nausea, and stomach cramps. ("Testing the waters,"
As the garbage is caught in the currents wind currents move the floating debris to the center making the garbage unable to get out of the center. Even though there are many comparisons to the Patch’s size the size is unknown. Most of the debris captured in the center are small plastic particles that are on the surface or below it making it impossible for satellites to find or see it.3. This Garbage Patch is a big boom on the ecosystem of the Marine animals. The plastics cause lots of harm to the animals.
The poisons will kill fish and the reef in which the fish live because there is no precise way to deliver it. The fishermen will dump the poison on the water in a likely spot and catch what floats up. The problem with poison is that it does not choose what it kills, so it kills reefs and poisons the area for new generations, then the fishermen go on to another area to repeat the destruction. [ (Coral Reef Destruction and Coversation) ] 2. Red is the endangered areas In image 2, the most endangered reefs are in areas that are considered “Third World”, where populations have limited access to education.
“Apparently the mass of the plastic particles is six times more than the mass of the natural plankton in the area.” This large expanse of ocean has become unhealthy for the animals that feed around the Gyre. “The plastic is found at depths of up to 30 meters. It is literally creating a landmass.” Because not all the plastic’s as it breaks down, and releases large amounts of toxic substances into the water of the Pacific Ocean. Not to mention that the Sea birds and other marine animals mistake these sand like plastics as food, and aren’t able to digest the plastics resulting in a large number of deaths of these animals. We all can contribute in helping the slow the growth of “trash Island” so some call it.
Runoff Quality of the water flowing from the a\land is critical to the reef’s health. The ones near the mainland are the most damaged because of human activities. The land use activities near the coast increases freshwater runoff and the build up of silt. As more land is eroded by human activities the runoff increases destroying the vegetation. Fertilisers, sewage and pollutants can have direct impact on the coral reefs.
Contaminating these waters will not only harm the wildlife, but it will kill a source of food that is so dominant in Newfoundland, and also will harm hundreds of people’s jobs. Oil spills cause a lot of problems in our ocean and to our marine life. Everywhere you look people are trying to create a more sustainable ocean, and this is hard to do when there is so much pollution and threats to our environment all around us. We, as youth need to step up and try to make a change and help to make our province a better place. We can help thousands of animals survive by taking action against oil drilling in our
Areas around the world known as “Dead Zones” are being reported as “areas so low in oxygen that fish and other sea life cannot survive (Oceans Where Fish Choke. November 30, 2010).” These areas are accosted with highly populated coastal areas that are being overfished and have rich nutrient run off coming from land causing massive decline in phytoplankton. Biological Oceanographers worldwide study dead fish that continue to surface on shore by searching for a solution to the problem. Many believe the zones are created due to climate change; however, it is more logical that the constant drain off of the high nutrients is feeding the dilemma. Low oxygen levels increase stress on fish.
This kind of brutal treatment of sharks is being tolerated all over the world and with 90% of the large shark population already wiped out, sharks are being depleted faster then they can reproduce. This puts a severe threat on marine ecosystems worldwide. Sharks play a vital role in the ecosystem, they have shaped marine life for 400 million years and are essential to the health of the planet, and ultimately to the survival of mankind. Sharks are known as apex predators, With fewer sharks around the species they prey on, such as cow nose rays have increased in numbers and in turn masses of cow nose rays are wiping out the bay scallops. This then has a large impact on the economy of local communities who rely on these scallops for a steady income.
B. There are patches in the ocean that are thick, like plastic soup, that have actually been given names. The largest of these has been dubbed The Great Pacific Garbage Patch and it is about the size of Texas. We throw away about 2.5million plastic bottles an hour. C. if not stopped over time the earth with slowly decay and changes in the environment will take place such as acid rain or water that’s become to toxic to drink plus animals will die from the trap like waste.