The Effects of Loci on Improving Memory Recall

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The effects of Loci on improving memory recall Contents Abstract Page 3 Introduction Page 4 Method Page 7 Results Page 10 Discussion and Short Conclusion Page 11 Appendix: Page 12 PowerPoint Presentation Page 12.1 Template Answer Sheet Page 12.2 Sample of completed Answer Sheets Page 12.3 Completed Tally Sheet Page 12.4 References Page 14 Abstract The aim of this experiment is to determine whether the use of memory improvement techniques like the Method of Loci (MoL) can affect a person’s recall compared to that of rote rehearsal. 16 participants completed a field experiment with repeated measures that was designed to test this theory. The Participants were sat in front of a laptop where a PowerPoint presentation was used to test their recall using rote rehearsal and the method of loci. The results showed that there was a high significance level so the null hypothesis was rejected. The research carried out allowed us to confirm that using the method of loci would improve and an individual’s recall. Introduction The Multi-Store Model (MSM) of Memory was proposed by Atkinson and Shiffrin in 1968 and claimed the memory system contained three structural components. Sensory memory (SM) stores information that is collected by our senses (sight, smell, hearing etc.). This information is received continually but the majority is ignored and only stored for a brief moment of time. At this point it is either disregarded or transferred to the short term memory (STM) store. STM is used to temporarily store information that is currently being thought about and has a limited storage capacity allowing information to be stored for short duration’s only. In order for the STM to process the information it needs to encode the information into a format it can handle. The STM encodes

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