The Effects Of Climate Change Essay

643 WordsFeb 16, 20123 Pages
| The Effects of Climate Change on Humans, Animals, and Plants | | | | The Effects of Climate Change on Humans, Animals, and Plants | | | By: Alice wang For: Mrs. Bearse Date: January 23rd, 2012 By: Alice wang For: Mrs. Bearse Date: January 23rd, 2012 The Effects of Climate Change on Humans, Plants, and Animals By: Alice Wang Climate change has become an extremely serious issue due to global warming. Global warming is the gradual increase of the Earth’s temperature due to greenhouse gases being released into the atmosphere. This change affects all species on Earth including humans, plants and animals. Global warming is responsible for the melting of glaciers, the loss of biodiversity, and the drastic climate change in the Arctic. The increase in the average global temperature causes the melting of glaciers and ice sheets. The retreat of glaciers affects the availability of fresh water, as well as sea levels. The seasonal melt water of glaciers is the source of fresh drinking water for billions of people, especially in Asia and South America. In other parts of the world, glacier water keep streams cool and full for many important wildlife. Also, due to the fact that more water is reaching the oceans, sea levels have risen by nearly 1 meter over the past century. This puts all coastal cities and shorelines at a risk for flooding. As temperatures increase, many plants and animals will migrate toward the poles as their current habitats become unsuitable. As a result, ecosystems will change and biodiversity will be lost. Approximately 30% of species will become extinct by 2050. Changes in one population will have effects throughout the entire food web. For example, temperature fluctuations reduce plankton population. The North Atlantic whale feed on plankton as their main food source. A reduction in the plankton population will

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