The Effect Of Climate Change

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NSIKAN EKPO EN 101 Causal Analysis Essay THE EFFECT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON WILDLIFE IN UNITED STATES The climate is changing. The earth is getting increasingly warmer – summers are growing hotter, glaciers are melting, sea levels are rising, and weather events are becoming more unpredictable. These are the effects of climate change – the increase of the average temperature of the Earth’s near-surface air and ocean. Scientists know more than ever before about how the Earth's climate is changing and what that will mean for people, habitats and wildlife across the planet. Climate change is happening as a result of the greenhouse effect. The greenhouse effect helps make earth warm enough for life to exist, but if greenhouse gases are released into the atmosphere in larger amounts much faster than before, then the warming will get much stronger and the climate will noticeably change. Julie Casper, an Earth scientist, based on research and conclusions from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPPC), climate change is the greatest threat to wildlife today (35). The very impact of climate change on wildlife is habitat displacement. Wildlife depends on healthy habitats. They need the right temperatures, fresh water, food sources, and places to raise their young. The climate change is altering the key habitats elements critical to wildlife’s survival. The Arctic is experiencing the effects of climate change more than any other place. The melting Arctic’s ice removes hunting ground for polar bears. Another most striking evidence of a climate change trend is closely scrutinized data that show a relatively rapid and widespread increase in temperature during the past century. Temperatures in the Arctic are rising at almost twice the rate of that of the rest of the world, and it is threatening to place the entire Arctic ecosystem, which polar bears and other
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