The Dust Bowl and Great Depression

438 Words2 Pages
Instructor: Prof. Burdett Topic: The Dust Bowl and The Great Depression. The Dust Bowl was a period of severe dust storms causing major ecological and agricultural damage to The United States and Canadian Prairie Land from 1930 to 1936. This phenomenon was caused by severe drought followed by extensive farming without crop rotation and fallow fields. Deep plowing of the virgin topsoil of the Great Plains displaced the natural deep-rooted grasses that normally kept the soil in place and trapped moisture even during the periods of drought and high winds (Worster, Pg80-82). Millions of acres of farmland became useless and hundreds of thousands of people were forced to leave their homes and migrated to California and to other states. Owning no land, many migrant workers traveled from farm to farm to pick fruit and other crops at starvation wages (Hornbeck, pg16-18). During The Early European and American Exploration of the Great Plains, the region in which the Dust Bowl occurred was thought unsuitable for European-style agricultural endeavors were primarily cattle ranching with some cultivation, however a series of harsh winters beginning in 1886, followed by a short drought in 1890 which led to an expansion of land under cultivation (Egan pg20-22). It was an important determinant of The Great Depression because throughout the 1930’s more than a million acres of land were affected by The Dust Bowl, thousands of farmers lost their livelihood, property, and mass migration patterns began to emerge, farmers left rural American in search of work in urban areas (Haberler, pg 70-72), During The Great Depression, severe drought conditions prevailed much of The United States plains soil turned to dust and large dark clouds could be seen across the horizon in Texas. Nebraska, Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado and New Mexico. Topsoil was carried by the ton from barren fields

More about The Dust Bowl and Great Depression

Open Document