The act of dreaming is the experience of situations, images, emotions and thoughts that take place during sleep. Dreams are strongly associated with rapid eye movement also known as REM sleep, during which an electroencephalogram shows brain activity to be most like wakefulness. The contents and biological purposes of dreams are not fully understood, though they have been a topic of speculation and interest throughout recorded history. The notion that dreams have a deep meaning behind them was greatly favoured by Psychiatrist Sigmund Freud who believed the interpretation of dreams were sources of insight into unconscious desires. Another Psychiatrist, Carl Jung, also believed that dreams held significant meaning.
Outline and evaluate the use of psychoanalysis to treat abnormality. Psychoanalysis covers treatment that addresses psychological issues, rather than biological factors related with mental disorders. The belief is that someone can look and understand the past of a patient and the activities in the unconscious levels of their psyche. Therefore they are able to deal with present situations happening in their lives. There are three methods to the process psychoanalysis, one being dream analysis – this means that according to psychodynamic theory, the unconscious us revealed in dreams.
One explanation involves a malfunction in the system of REM sleep, which explained some of the classic symptoms such as cataplexy as it accompanies REM sleep. Montplaiser (2007) tested 16 participants with narcolepsy and cataplexy, finding that they had high percentage of REM sleep, though this may be a cause or effect of the conditions. Most explanations of narcolepsy have been biological, though there have been some successful attempts to provide psychodynamic explanations such as Lehrman and Weiss (1943) suggested that sudden attacks of sleepiness disguise sexual fantasies. However these research is falsifiable as it is impossible to directly study these explanations. Also it is clear that there is a genetic component to narcolepsy.
This is means insomnia is an early sign of disease before it lead to serious part such that physical disorder or psychiatric illness. As many of the health problems can be detect by the ability to sleep, the health researchers in the past, recognise the problems in sleep as insomnia. Many factors have been found throughout the studies on the insomnia. Insomnia may be caused by a mass of different reasons. These causes may be divided into surrounding factors, medical or psychiatric conditions, or primary sleep problems.
Sometimes when something happens in a dream, we think it’s real so we can get scared and nervous just like we would if we were awake. Some dreams are more emotional than others. People tend to remember their emotional dreams because they often wake up directly from them. Recurring dreams reflect feelings and awareness that haven’t been successfully resolved in ones waking hours. People can remember their dreams.
According to the author, “Freud’s psychoanalytic theory of personality, the unconscious mind is a reservoir of feelings, thoughts, urges, and memories that outside of our conscious awareness most of the contents of the unconscious are unacceptable or unpleasant, such as feelings of pain, anxiety, or conflict”. The author stated “According to Freud, the unconscious continues to influence our behavior and experience, even though we are unaware
The three classic kinds of extrasensory perception include telepathy, clairvoyance, and precognition. This sixth sense that some people might experience comes from supernatural and paranormal means. There are many ways to gain access to a sixth sense and the subconscious: self-hypnosis, visualization, meditation, talking positive, listening and paying attention to one’s dreams, and many more (Rifat, T.). All throughout history, extrasensory perception has been apart of many different cultures and countries around the globe. People have been trying to disprove the theory of extrasensory perception, otherwise known as the sixth sense, but has been proven to exist time and time again, even through hundreds of
Two different schools of thought exist as to why we dream: the physiological school, and the psychological school. Both, however, agree that we dream during the REM, or rapid eye movement, phase of sleep. During this phase of sleep, our closed eyes dart rapidly about, our brain activity peaks, and our muscles suffer temporary paralysis. The physiological theory centers upon how our body, specifically our brains, function during the REM phase of sleep. Proponents of this theory believe that we dream to exercise the synapses, or pathways, between brain cells, and that dreaming takes over where the active and awake brain leaves off.
Unit 2- Psychoanalytic Theory- Discussion The psychoanalytical personality theory is the theory developed by Sigmund Freud arguing that the human mind is structured into two parts. These two parts are the unconscious and conscious mind (Friedman & Schustack 2012). This theory focuses on what we as humans can remember and can easily bring into awareness and what we can’t bring into awareness without something triggering us to remember it. The focus of Freud’s theory is that much of what we dream is our unconscious thoughts and desires that affect our human behavior without even realizing it. Freud believed that “dreams are similar to icebergs—a little piece floats above the surface but much more is hidden underneath” (Friedman & Schustack 2012).
The Art of the Sleep Cycle Sleeping, everybody does it, yet we can never get enough. There are many things that can happen while sleeping. Nightmares can occur, constantly wake up and not be able to fall back asleep due to sleep insomnia, it’s possible to sleep walk and perform vigorous activities that are uncontrollable. Dreams are unsolved mysteries caused by the chemical in your brain called Dimethyltryptamine. Even though it may not be believable, dreams occur every time sleeping happens.