The Dreamscape of Psychodynamic Pychotherapy

853 Words4 Pages
The Dreamscape of Psychodynamic Pychotherapy Many psychotherapists believe that every dream has a profound meaning. There are four types of dream theories; psychoanalytic theory, problem focused theory, cognitive approach theory and activation-synthesis theory. Sigmund Freud, founder of psychoanalytic theory, believed that every dream is meaningful and could be expressed as images or symbols. Images and symbols can also be referred as short events. According to Freud’s theory, dreams are distinguished in two types, either manifest content or latent content. Manifest content distinguishes dreams that are conscious and usually remembered when awaken. Latent content distinguishes dreams that are expressed as images or symbols, which is dependent on the unconscious thoughts or ones desire. Dreams could be distinguished as conscious and unconscious thoughts and desires. Dreams can also be persuaded in a scientific way. According to activation-synthesis theory, dreams are formed because of neurons firing spontaneously in the pons, that controls eye movement by sending messages to the motor area of the cortex that are responsible for processing vivid images during REM sleep. Even though dreams are rarely a major focus, many psychotherapists had begun to give more attention on including questions about dreams in therapy sessions. Many psychotherapists have focused on their client’s dream types in order to resolve the issues. Since most of the dreams are expressed as unconscious thoughts and desires and others are not aware of unconscious thoughts during daily process. In the article, it has mentioned about Mikulincer, Shaver, and Avihou-Kanza as those who discovered that dreamers, who have different attachment style, will have different approach to dreams. People whom are constantly having anxiety or depression will have greater opportunities of having apprehensive and

More about The Dreamscape of Psychodynamic Pychotherapy

Open Document