Genres of Baroque Instrumental Music Efford Major Mus223 Prof. Crowley Introduction The Baroque era in music presented the time when instrumental music became as successful as vocal music. In this time, the instruments could be played to imitate and sometimes surpass vocal renditions. The most popular instruments in this era were the keyboard, harpsichord and the pipe organ. This paper looks at the genre known as the Fugue. This genre has some distinctive characteristics that can be seen in the composition known as “The Little Fugue” or the “Fugue in G minor” by Johann Sebastian Bach.
Sonata form mainly focuses on the harmonic and thematic expression of music that sets the mood in the exposition. The development is contrasted and elaborated, and usually resolved with a safe sound of harmony in the end, recapitulating the main ideas. Among all of the examples we have heard in class like Mozart’s Symphony 25, or the Moonlight Sonata, I believe that Ludwig Van Beethoven's Symphony No. 5 represents sonata form with the most accuracy. The exposition of Symphony No.
How does the newspaper review help us to understand the singing qualities of an operatic diva such as Callas? I believe the review to be informative when discussing Maria Callas’s singing qualities. The review gives us great insight into the way Callas approached a role and shows her to have natural and incomparable technique whilst delivering with great ease the complexities of feeling. Maria Callas showed strength, vulnerability and in the case of La Traviata immense marksmanship and feeling for musical emphasis which Sargeant writes in his review “Were as impeccable as usual”. It was a combination such as this, which in the glamorous and demanding world of opera, made Callas stand out and succeed.
Bourrée Johann Sebastian Bach Bourree was written by J.S. Bach who was born on 21st March 1685 and died on 28 July 1750 which was when the Baroque period ended and the Classical period started. Bach was a German composer, organist, harpsichordist, violist, and violinist who wrote pieces for orchestras, soloists and choirs. He is one of the most famous composers in history and wrote many famous pieces such as Toccata and Fugue in D minor for Organ and the Brandenburg Concertos. The piece Bourree is a movement from the Suite in E minor originally written for Lute which is one of seven suites.
Neoclassicism is music inspired by the classical era during the early 20th century. It uses classical elements such as the forms and tonal center, adding to the classical structure with modern chromatic elements and use of dissonance. As well as varied rhythms. Ernest Bloch was both neo-classic and neo-romantic, his virtuosity on violin lead to many arranges for the the solo instruments of classical and romantic composers, his fascination with that time period is evident in his music, using classical form with romantic expression. Maurice Ravel, although often cited as an impressionist, is also listed as a neo-classic composer.
The second movement begins with a short, soft motif which culminates in a powerful G major chord, the dominant key of the movement. This first motif will be denominated “motif A”. Motif A repeats, with the first violins playing the melody and the remaining strings playing the harmony. In this iteration, however, the motif culminates on a F major chord, the tonic key. This theme ends on measure 11.
Also, the E maj. chord in section B make that moment climatic, since it is a brighter sounding chord and suddenly comes in fortissimo in the middle of the section. The use of the pedal note help make the sound sustained. The full range of the [piano used, especially in section B and the development of the piano, which allows the player to perform a wider range of dynamics, helps convey more emotion. All these characteristics in Chopin’s Raindrop prelude make the piece very expressive, which Romantic music was all
However, texture is treated as flexibly as rhythm. Pieces shift smoothly or suddenly from one texture to another. Melody - Classical melodies are one of the most tuneful and easy to remember. The themes of even highly sophisticated compositions may have a folk or popular flavour. Occasionally, composer simply borrowed popular tunes, but more often, they wrote original themes with a popular character.
Mozart Symphony Number 40 in G Minor Mozart uses different melodic techniques in Symphony 40. One such technique is his use of balanced four or eight bar phrases that sound like a question and answer. Take for example the phrase from the fourth bear of bar one (an anacrusis – another melodic technique) to the second beat of bar five. This phrase is then answered by the fourth beat of bar five to the second beat of bar nine. This feature is repeated throughout the piece.
Despite the presumed freedom in khayal singing, it is structured upon three main characteristics; 1. the raga (melodic mode), the tala (meter), and the “cheez” (composition). 2. The types of improvisation which are acceptable for khyal such as alap, taan, sargam, etc. 3. The placement of these material for the creation of an aesthetically and technically balanced performance.