The Discussion Of Human Nature

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The discussion of human nature has been an ongoing topic that is continuously represented in literature throughout time. In the novels, The Lord of the Flies by William Golding and The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger, human nature is analyzed through the eyes of the young male. Although these authors share a common theme, the perspective on human nature varies. Golding shows that human nature always reverts back to that of a wild animal; whereas Salinger shows that human nature is materialistic and deceitful. Two different aspects of human nature are presented in the novels The Catcher in the Rye and The Lord of the Flies. In the Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger, Salinger uses the narrator, Holden Caulfield, to express his views on society. However, Holden Caulfield’s actions compare to the actions of the so-called “phonies” that he dislikes so much. One example is when he calls himself, “The most terrific liar you ever saw in your life” (Salinger 16). He contradicts his own views with his actions and through this contradictory trait that he withholds, Salinger makes a point that mankind is too blind to see the error in their ways. Holden’s hypocritical personality is seen on page 62 of the novel when Holden says, “Sometimes I can think of very crumby stuff I wouldn't mind doing if the opportunity came up. I can even see how it might be quite a lot of fun, in a crumby way, and if you were both sort of drunk and all, to get a girl and squirt water or something all over each other's face. The thing is, though, I don't like the idea. It stinks, if you analyze it" (Salinger 62). It is human nature to have these desires, but mankind it is mankind’s choice to choose whether to pursue it or not. In the novel The Lord of the Flies, Golding shows that fear will cause a man to go mad. A group of boys get stranded on an island which forces them to act like

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