The lack of prevention interventions that address African American women plays a critical role as to why the epidemic continues to spread. What exactly is HIV? Human Immunodeficiency Virus, better known as HIV is a disease that breaks down a person’s immune system. HIV destroys a person’s CD4 cells. CD4 cells are a specific group of white blood cells that play a large role in helping somebody to fight off diseases.
. According to U.S. Department of Human Services “When it became clear that HIV was infectious, and that it was potentially fatal, there was not treatment. This led to wide spread stigma and discrimination against people living with HIV/AIDS”. (U.S. Department of Human Services, 2012) Despite the many prevention and intervention, HIV remains a main importance in public health threats in the United States and the current century. The most challenging part of controlling HIV is the traditional and new medication through public health facilities.
At one point, out of 77 deaths 1/5th were extremely healthy. The difficulty is that it is hard to prevent because it is spread by airborne droplets due to the way we live e.g. ; transport, big groups; therefore, how can it be prevented? The virus can be treated by anti-biotic called Tami-flu, however; the drug comes with a list of side effects. Some would argue that it’s not worth the risk but, really the only people that are advised against the drug are, again, children and people with
According to the US National Library of Medicine, an allergy is an immune response or reaction to substances that are usually not harmful. In the case of this article, the allergy was in fact a severe allergic response, or anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis, being a type I hypersensitivity, is very rare and can be lethal. Anaphylaxis is triggered when the allergen enters the bloodstream and will take effect in a matter of minutes or even seconds. The immune system is our defense against foreign bodies that enter.
The Immune system normally functions to protect against foreign invaders by sending out certain cells that attack and destroy the ailment affecting your body, like an infection or a cold. But with lupus the immune system becomes hyperactive that the immune system begins attacking the body itself. What happens is the immune system sends out what is called B cells to attack an infection, but in Lupus the B cells live longer then they should. These B cells produce an antibody,
We all know of someone who has it or heard about it on TV. But I don’t think everyone realizes how dangerous these diseases can be. Indeed, it is shocking how many lives have been cut short, AIDS is one of the most dangerous because you can only control it but not cure it, AIDS patients will have to take medication for life and any interruption would give the virus a chance of coming back. Even though the disease affects African American males mostly, it does not discriminate on races, ages, or gender. The spread of HIV could be done by: sharing used drug needles or other equipment with any infected person, having unprotected sex, or any kind of drug use that would affect your
A diagnosis of an HIV infection is no longer tantamount to a death sentence, then continuing to prosecute people like Darren Chiacchia can no longer be justified. 1. Over the recent years technology has advanced and doctors have learned how to treat the HIV virus aggressively and extend the lives of those with AIDS. 2. Although the HIV infection cannot be cured, the infection can be managed for years a chronic disease.
Lymphoma is not contagious, so there is no worry about catching it from another person (National Cancer Institute, 2008). There are specific risk factors that if a person has, it increases their chance of developing the disease. A weakened immune system is the most commonly seen among people that develop Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma (NHL). Most often, the weakened immune system is caused by something that was inherited, or by certain drugs that are used after an organ transplant. Some other risk factors include infections such as AIDS, EBV, H. pylori, HTLV-1, and Hepatitis C. The chance of developing this disease increases with age, though the disease can occur in any age (National Cancer Institute, 2008).
The events detailed in this book, And The Band Plays On, serves as a paradigm for improving the lives of HIV infected individuals, primarily by outlining the many mistakes that were made. It is clearly delineated in the book how the significance of unity and having a common goal is necessary to overcome an epidemic. It shows the monstrosity created when self-interest, lack of education and ignorance replaces common interest, substantial knowledge, and logic. The book demonstrates the difference that social work might have played and did play when and if educated properly. The utilization of social work could have offset the cold and insensitive manner that HIV/ AIDS patients received.
The way the vaccination was given in the 1970’s also attributed to this successful intervention. At first mass vaccination was used to help protect people from the disease, but since everyone did not comply, the disease was not completely eliminated. However, in 1967, a plan called ring vaccination was used. The plan consisted of finding people who had been exposed to someone who was infected, then vaccinating not only the exposed individual, but all those they had come into contact with. This strategy was effective in stopping the spread of the disease.