How do ideas about childhood and families influence practice? The essay will first establish childhood and how the term ‘childhood’ has different meanings for different members of society. I will then go on to look at Social Constructionism and how this can shape our views of how it is an influence on the practice of working with childhood and families by looking into areas of childhood that are constantly changing and discussing how gender roles are an important value to society and how these have changed over recent decades and changing the attitudes of social construction. I am also going to discuss how ones identity can have an impact on practice provided and discriminations that children and families with disabilities can face from practitioners. The term childhood refers to the early stages of your life course, but it is important to understand that views and ideas of when childhood stops and the stage of becoming a young adult varies between the views of children, adults and different societies.
TMA3: Identity can be threatened for people needing and receiving care services. Using one or more of the situations in Block 2, explain why this is so and what care workers can do to support a sense of self. To answer the question I will discuss how identity can be threatened for children needing and receiving care services. I will look to do this through the case studies in unit five and the potential negative impacts upon children’s identities who are receiving care and how these can be offset using life story work. I will also discuss what life story work is and how life story work can be beneficial in developing a child’s understanding a sense of self.
In the first process young adults’ identity is shaped by the social norms which dictate what is appropriate or not for a certain age, and what does society expects from and individual. Young adults begin to identify themselves by the people of the same age or social status. Basically, it’s a comparison of oneself with others of the same age. The study suggests that in this process a psychological development plays an important role as well. This process focuses mostly on and individual’s level of ability to adapt to a new environment, and learning to be responsible.
Social Influences on Behavior Social influences on behavior This paper will attempt to explore and explain basic concepts of human interactions regarding a perspective on psychology and examples given regarding how human behaviors change based on different social situations, including specific behaviors, environments in which the behaviors occurred, associated phenomenon associated with behaviors, and if the behavior exhibits any necessary therapeutic intervention. Social Influences on Behavior Social psychology and sociology are very similar and travel the same path. Conformity may make a new situation easier and combining the identity to a group is a social identity theory. An individual’s behavior often changes by changing the individual’s environment or group setting. Humans crave social interactions; to withhold social interaction is a squandered effort.
There is a connection between identity and core identity and the social context. A lifelong development is suggested, however, a clear focus on adolescence maybe leads to ignoring crucial changes in later life. Structures of social power are not specially emphasized, regard personal and social as separate systems. Psychoanalyst Erik Erikson 1902-1994, pioneer in the field of child development and ‘identity crisis’, has influenced research until today. For Erikson, identity development of the individual depends on society; personality grows under the influence of parental and social attitudes – affected by the historical period.
Lifespan Development for Social Work Within this assignment I will be considering how social differentiation and determents of life course influence social work theory. By focusing on the ecological development approach, development milestones and social learning theory, as well as considering how poverty and school can influence a child’s development. Every Child Matters, sets out the five outcomes that acknowledge what are key to children’s well-being- being healthy, staying safe, enjoying and achieving, making a positive contribution into society and achieving economic well-being. Achievement is sometimes difficult for some children due do their circumstances and may be vulnerable or have poor prospects for the future unless timely help is provided. In order to give every child the opportunity to develop to their best potential, professionals working in the area need to fully understand what influences a child’s development.
The mesosystem is two Microsystems interacting, such as the connection between a child’s home and school. The exosystem is an environment in which an individual is indirectly involved and is external to his experience, yet it affects him anyway i.e. a child’s parent’s workplace. The macrosystem is the large cultural context. By creating these systems, Bronfenbrenner was the leader in introducing researchers into examining the family, economy, and political structure as influencing the development of a child into adulthood.
Many avenues of social support have been explored in relation to their impact on the coping of adolescents facing stress. These avenues include the different sources of support, such as family, friends and community organisations, and also the type of support received, whether it be emotional, informative or tangible. The purpose of this essay is to illustrate the role of social support on the well-being of adolescents facing stress. This will be demonstrated by exploring the overriding assumption that social support provides adolescents with the support that allows them to appraise stressful situations and provide positive coping strategies. The use of the term well-being in this essay is used to describe the positive outcome of successfully coping with stress and therefore contributing to better mental health.
Further developments to this were made by James Marcia (Phoenix, 2002) focussing particularly on adolescence and researching this through “the Identity Status Interview” (Phoenix, 2002). The second, SIT, was developed by Henry Tajfel (Phoenix, 2002) and researched by experimental method. It focuses on intergroup relations, group membership and social identity as something that is distinct from personal identity. This essay outlines these contrasting theories and explains how each has contributed to our understanding of identity with particular reference to identity in adolescence. Psychosocial or Ego Identity Theory Erikson believed that when there is a stable social environment we are less likely to have identity crises.
A qualitative study showing how adults perceive the significant people in their lives have affected their development, using thematic analysis Abstract This study investigates the development psychology view of attachment theory that child relationships affect later development. A qualitative, textual analysis was carried out on a pre-existing, edited, filmed semi-structured interview. Thematic analysis showed that childhood relationships do affect an adult’s life, but they do not determine adult relationships and adults can have earned security through successful relationships in later life. Introduction Lifespan psychology, or development psychology, looks at the way our psychological characteristics develop and form throughout our lives. One of the main areas of focus in development psychology is the affect the early relationships we experience during childhood, such as those with our parents, can have in our later relationships in adulthood.