How did the romans succeed in conquering Italy? The Roman's conquest of all of Italy was not easy (to say the least). The Roman's conquest took hundreds of years as well as one major setback when it was burned to the ground. * Beginning of Roman Conquest-The Roman's conquest of Italy began in 509 BC after they expelled the aristocratic Tarquins family. The Romans next set their sights on the Etruscans and quickly drove them out of the Italian peninsula.
| 61 BC | Caesar was sent to govern a Province in Spain as Propraetor. | 60 BC | Caesar returned from Spain to join Pompey and Crassus in a loose coalition known to us as ‘The First Triumvirate.’ | 59 BC | Caesar was elected Consul against heavy Optimate opposition by Marcus Porcius Cato. Caesar married his only daughter, Julia, to Pompey to seal their alliance. Caesar also married too, this time Calpurnia, the daughter of a leading member of the Popular faction. Caesar pushed Pompey's measures through, helped Crassus' proposals, and got for himself a five-year term as Proconsul of Gaul after his consulship was over.
The Fall of Rome and it’s Reasoning The primary reasons for the “fall” of Rome were factors such as foreign invasions, several natural disasters, and the rulers. The Roman Empire was the most powerful Empire during the classical era. It is traditionally considered to have “fallen” in 476 CE, when Rome’s last emperor had died. Rome wasn’t destroyed in a day. The fall of the Roman Empire was partially caused by foreign invasions.
In his commentary of Xenophon’s ‘Hellenica’, George Carkwell argues that Sparta originally lost her power from 394 BC, after the naval victory of the Persian and Greek fleet. The combined Persian and Greek fleet was under the command of the Athenian Conon and Pharnabazus. They defeated the Spartan navy led by Pisander. Following this significant defeat, Spartan ‘harmosts’ were expelled through the Aegean and this led to the Lacedaemonian maritime empire being virtually
Constantine included Christianity along without alienating other religions. This wasn’t viewed as unusual; the Roman culture was typically accepting of other religions. It was the previous Emperor “Dioclestian” that instigated Christian persecution. In ancient Egypt “Akhenaten” was viewed as the persecutor of the Old Gods, first demoting them and finally eliminating them. When he and his co-ruler died, “Tutankamun” became Pharaoh and the priesthood resumed control of their temples.
The balance between the two began to shake after Rome’s success over Tarentum as well as Carthage’s attempts to extend its influence over Sicily. The clash between Carthage and Rome began after a series of events at Messana, a Sicilian city that controlled the strait between Sicily and the mainland. At the time, Messana had been controlled by a group called mammetines, and had been in conflict with Syracuse, a city further south, led by the tyrant Hiero II. The mammetines asked Carthage for help, and when this was given, Hiero ended his attack. One group in Messana decided to rid the city of the Carthaginians, as they now saw Carthage as a greater threat than Syracuse.
Athenians had been in previous wars and as time progressed it was clear that Athens had to be rebuilt, as the reconstruction process proceeded the Athenian empire began to dominate their allies politically and economically. The Athenians started the Delian League which provided funds for Athens to build up its navy which allowed them to gain power. Meanwhile Sparta, who was a military leader of the Greek world, made their own treaties that reached out to the Peloponnesian with the exception of Argos and Achaea.Both
Just when the Romans were paying the Gauls, so that the Romans could obtain their freedom, a Roman General by the name of Marcus Furius Camillus, turned up with an army put stop to the payment and defeated the Gauls. The Romans felt the social and political consequences of the sack of Rome of 390 BC for centuries after the initial sack. However, some historians believe that there we no such ramifications from the sack its self. After the sack and after a brief war with the Gauls in which the Romans came out victorious, life had not gotten back to normal. The Romans now lived in a state of fear and panic of facing another sack.
The Roman Empire had a very different foundation from the Persian’s monarch grounds. The Republic of Rome began in 509 BCE when the last Etruscan king was overthrown. The Republic was governed by the Senate, a form of oligarchy. The Republic lasted until 49 BCE, when Julius Caesar, a consul of the senate, betrayed Pompey, another consul, marched into Rome and proclaimed himself Emperor. After the third civil war and Caesar’s grandnephew, Augustus Caesar, names himself dictator and emperor for life, the Roman Empire went through Pax Romana, where the empire flourished during a time of