The Declaration of Independence Essay

627 WordsNov 22, 20123 Pages
The Declaration of Independence-Ann Yeh The American Revolution was one of the most important events of the 18th century which lead to the creation of a new nation. A key event in the revolution was the 1776 Declaration of Independence. In this essay I will examine the reasons that this Declaration was made and the causes and consequences of this American Independence. An important long term cause of the Declaration of Independence was the cost of the French-Indian War. Although British had the victorious win, fighting this war was very expensive. The British wished to cover the cost of the war. The British believed that as they had made America secure and safe, the Americans should bear some of the costs of achieving this security. As a result of this, they enforced Navigation Act and the costs associated with the two new taxes led to protests. A newly-formed Stamp Act Congress formed by delegates from nine colonies objected the British ideas based on the principle of “no taxation without representation.” This was the first occasion of organised American opposition to British authority in America. An important short term cause of the Declaration of Independence was the Boston Tea Party. The Boston Tea Party was a reaction to the Tea Act of 1773 that was passed by Parliament to save the British East India Company from Bankruptcy. The Tea Act essentially eliminated all taxes on tea except the three pence Townsend tax. More importantly, it offered Americans tea at a lower price than that of the colonials. Since the patriots believed that the cheap price of tea would be too much of a temptation to the people, the patriots took steps to manoeuvre Britain into a difficult position. Therefore the patriots decided to reject tea shipments and demanded the tea ships be permitted to return to England without paying the duty required by law. However, the governor refused,

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