The Decision and Impact of the Berlin Wall

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The Soviet decision to put up the Berlin Wall after the Second World War, was a compromise for both the East and the West of Berlin, with the impact on East Berliners one of cruelty and horror. The Cold War began with the tension between the two great superpowers, the Unites States and the Soviet Union. This tension was feared by many to cause another world war that was seen as lethal, due to the nuclear weapons newly created by the USA. The harsh and destructive realities of the wall lead to people’s desire to escape, bringing global attention to the cruelty that occurred. Despite this, it was a srelief o the United States, as the pain of one wall was minimal to that of a third world war. In the years between 1945 and 1961 there was an overwhelming sense of concern and tension that built between the United States and the Soviet Union. At the Yalta conference on the 4th February 1945, Germany was demilitarized and divided into four zones, each controlled by the USSR, USA, Britain and France. In May 1952, guards erected barbed wire and observation watch-towers along the border of East Germany because of the concern in the number of skilled workers fleeing to the West and that non-communist ideas would spread. The West hesitated to stop this because the people of Britain and America did not want to consider another war. The Truman Doctrine in March 1947 allowed America to send money, weapons, and advisors to any country that felt threatened by Communism. By June 1947 the Marshal Plan was devised to offer American aid to all countries. When East Berlin was cut off from the West on the 23rd of June 1948, with only enough food and fuel for six weeks, Britain and America decided to airlift supplies, known as the Berlin Airlift. They were not shot down, as Stalin feared US’s nuclear weapons. During this time, the tension between the USSR and the USA had risen
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