The prosecution must without a reasonable doubt prove the defendant is responsible for committing the crime. And in doing so must remain within the regulations of the courts. Sometimes the prosecution’s personal, ethical. Organizational, or political beliefs can becomea driving force into a trail which can have negative effects on the courts when misconduct occurs or mistakes are made. When misconduct or mistakes are made it can have very damaging effects on individuals and their lives, but also to the credibility of the criminal justice system.
How is the research process and terminology in the criminal justice field related to you within your career path? How is new terminology helpful in assisting you and how is it affecting you when you are unaware? These questions often come to mind when considering taking on any research topic and doesn’t need to only apply to the criminal justice world. However that being said we will look further into the different types of terminologies that are related to the criminal justice field and just how the research process benefits those members of this field accordingly. The research process is very complex and pending the individual conducting the research it can take several steps from beginning to end.
The criminal justice system has a need for alternative to incarceration programs in order to help with the overcrowding and the task of reforming offenders at any level. Alternatives to Incarceration The criminal justice system has become an area of concern in many states. Because of the jail overcrowding and costs to the people, alternative programs are being used for offenders. Alternative to incarceration programs (ATI’s), are “designed to reduce reliance on pretrial detention and/or incarceration and operate in a manner consistent with public safety” (New York State, n.d., para. 2).
The essay will be looking at these risk factors and their effects with particular reference to the Youth Justice System, in addition to other agencies. The essay will then go on to examine some studies conducted into risk factors, including Farrington’s work. It will also look at any policies or procedures that have been introduced as a result of the perceived importance of risk factors, such as …………, before endeavoring to decide how valuable the use of risk factors can be in the management of young offenders. Risk factors can be simply defined as those variables which may predict an “increased probability of later offending” (Kazdin et al., 1997, cited in Newburn, 2007, p.841). The Youth Justice Board, one of the major bodies involved in working with youth offenders, state that they are “working to prevent offending and reoffending by children and young people under the age of 18” (Justice, 2012).
Abstract This paper will explore and discuss the difference in opinion regarding crime and who should be held accountable for criminal activity. The views of social responsibility and social problems will be examined, along with the perspectives that each holds to justify their belief. Theories such as Determinate Sentencing that holds the value of social responsibility in response to crime, and also the Constructionist theory that places that blame on society as to why a person commits a crime. In the end I believe that Social/Individual responsibility is the most appropriate way to approach crime. Perspectives of Social Problems and Social Responsibility Within criminology there has been multiple theories suggested to explain the numerous motives behind why crime exists in our world.
Additionally, addressing racial disparity is a challenge but can be accomplished by the following. First, when people are arrested repeatedly or in and out of prison and put on probation or parole constantly this hurts the racial disparity disputes and can cause conflicts to worsen. Second, different strategies must be built to engage in all issues at all the stages in the criminal justice
Is rationale to assume that parental and family risk factors played a vital part in the life of a criminal, because they are a product of their surroundings. Understanding the mental process of a criminal behavior can assist on identify the problems such as antisocial behaviors. It identifies the individuals with their parents and other family members of the family. Taking a look at the parents and siblings will give researcher a different spectrum that can or may not voucher for the actions of the criminal, it brings all the issues about their past to surface. Parental and family risk factors effects and shapes the individual into the person that they are today.
Courts are challenged with an array of factors in establishing an effective system of justice for juveniles that holds juveniles accountable as well as prepares them for reintegration into society as productive citizens. Currently the nation is swept with controversy over Juvenile offenders. Of the many components of Juvenile Delinquency; the main issues raised reflects society’s views on Crime Control versus Due Process and how this pertains to juveniles. Are we incarcerating children into a system that does not hold them accountable? My paper will be an analysis of the juvenile justice system, recidivism rates, and how this process affects the outcome of children and administration in the Juvenile Justice System.
The law, though, is complex and steeped in nuances that discriminate among criminal acts and criminals. Who does what to whom and why are taken into consideration when a case is tried or a punishment is given. The courts take into consideration many variables and the more variables involved, the more complex the decision making process gets. What complicate the issue are
Discuss the powers of police in the criminal process. Make reference to the role of discretion in the criminal justice system Police powers, refers to the authority that the law enforcement body has when investigating a crime. The powers that police have include search and seizure, access to information, interrogation, electronic surveillance, medical examinations, detention, fingerprints and photographing. These powers allow police to deepen their investigation and to effectively obtain justice for victims and society. Furthermore, the discretion of police can play a large role in the investigation of criminal offences; however, it can lead to certain individuals in society being targeted.