The order model of society demonstrates society as a cooperative and stable system, and any problems are immediately attributed to the people and not the society. Social phenomena not brought to the surface would be 2. What is the conflict model of society? On what kinds of social phenomena does it focus? What social phenomena are neglected from this perspective?
In Crossing Brooklyn Ferry, Whitman connects individuals by the means of common experiences between all people. In Self Reliance, Emerson stresses the importance of adhering to one’s individuality and personal virtues. Both of these works, while having essentially dissimilar themes, argue that it is essential for all people to maintain a strong sense of individuality and independence in order for the society as a whole to flourish. Ralph Waldo Emerson’s “Self-Reliance” argues that one must stay true to his or her own thought and value oneself as an individual. Emerson believed that in order for society to move forward, individuals within the society needed to be able to think and depend on themselves.
How did it get to this point? A background in elitism according to Abramowitz stems from the ideology of self reliance and personal freedom. The main idea is that the individual is responsible for themselves in order to achieve the greatness that they desire. The main issue is that those who achieve restrict those who are not at their level from being heard. The counter to elitism are the theories of egalitarianism and populism, which are doctrines in which they support the rights and powers of the common people in their ongoing struggle with the political elitism, they believe that all people are equal.
Socialists, therefore, endorsed collectivism to strenghten the idea of fraternity - society is desired to work together while being bounded by sympathy and comradership, that are believed to symbolise the the bonds of common humanity. In contrast to liberalism, whereby liberals draw a clear distinction between 'the individual' and 'society', socialists do not recognise the 'individual' as a term separeted from society. This reflects on the idea of collectivism because the ability to pursue goals comes from working together rather than self-reliancy. Collectivists argue that human nature has a social core, regardless of social groups which have been formed. Thus, all 'classes', 'nations' and 'races' are meaningful political entities.
1.2 Explain why person centred values must influence all aspects of social care work. The 'why' is because it is embedded in social policy and legislation eg Putting People First, Valuing People Now and the Essential Standards. 1.3 Explain how person centred values should influence all aspects of social care work It’s important to respect the rights of the individual to be at the centre of their own care. This means that workers must focus on what the individual wants and how they want it to be provided. 1.2/1.3 vvv Person-centred care values must influence all aspects of health and social care work.
Examine the important concepts relating to justice and/or law and punishment Justice is about treating society fairly and equally. The government uses its authority to distribute a number of goods in society. The question of how these goods should be shared out comes under distributive justice. This is partially solved by the idea of a social contract which is described as “A minimalist theory of rights in which the individual is understood to be morally bound only by the ‘don’t harm me and I won’t harm you’ doctrine” Within justice there are two many lines of argument, individualist and communitarian theories. Ethicists use these two theories to argue whether the community or the individual is more important, question whether we should follow distributive justice should society just focus on protecting themselves without harming other people?
Deontological theory deals with the idea that everybody, as well as company managers, incorporates an ethical duty to treat everybody else with respect, as well as listening and considering their wants. This is often generally spoken because the “Golden Rule.” CSR contributes to company property by providing moral arguments on why company managers ought to work toward property development: If society normally believes that property development could be a worthy goal, companies have a moral obligation to assist society move in this
2. Explain how and why person-centred values must influence all aspects of social care work (1.1.2) Person centred values must influence all aspects of social care work because It’s important to respect the rights of the individual to be at the centre of their own care. This means that workers must focus on what the individual wants and how they want it to be provided. 3. Explain how person-centred values should influence all aspects of social care work (1.1.3) It is important that the rights of the individual are respected so that they are at the centre of their own care, this means that the carer must focus on what the individual wants and how they want it.
Equity to me is not as important as obligation. The WEAI states that my ethical perspective “on an individuals duty or obligation to do what is morally right – principles that represent what rational persons ought morally to do” (WEAI, 2006). I believe everyone has a right to believe and act the way he or she chooses, however I look at how he or she handles a situation, rather than his or her results. I do believe that everyone is entitled to equal rights and those rights require that there is mutual respect one another. Individuals have an obligation to make decisions that benefit everyone, without taking away from others.
Using Material from Item A and elsewhere, asses the contribution of functionalism to our understanding of families and households. (24 marks) Functionalist, a structuralism approach who believes our behaviour is determined by society, they believe behaviour is constrained social forces and government and the individual is made and controlled by society therefore according to this approach every individual is a product of society. Functionalist theory belongs to this approach and takes a consensus view. This is the agreement that every shares the same values and society works in harmony. Functionalist believes every institution has its own purpose in order to exist.