The Constitution in the United Kingdom Essay

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The constitution in the United Kingdom is unwritten or ‘uncodified’. There is no strict separation of governing bodies and a monarch who is king or queen with power to open and close the parliament. In this essay it will be argued that the United Kingdom is not a dictatorship, it is a parliamentary monarchy. Simply because there is no written or codified constitution in United Kingdom, this does not mean that there is a dictatorship. Constitution is the ‘fundamental law, written or unwritten, that establishes the character of a government by defining the basic principles to which a society must conform; by describing the organization of the government and regulation, distribution, and limitations on the functions of different government departments; and by prescribing the extent and manner of the exercise of its sovereign powers ‘(Oxford dictionary). The constitution of United Kingdom has been described as unwritten, flexible, monarchical and unitary in nature. The British Constitution comes from a variety of sources: statutes such as the Magna Carta of 1215 and the Act of Settlement of 1701, laws and customs of parliament, political conventions, case law, and constitutional matters decided in a court of law and constitutional experts who have written on the subject such as Walter Bagehot and A.V Dicey. The rule of law is one of the fundamental principles of unwritten or ‘uncodified’ constitution of United Kingdom. The main idea of the rule of law is that the law should apply equally to all, rulers and ruled alike. This, in the words of the 19-century constitution expert, A.V.Diecy ensures a ‘government of law' and not a ‘government of men.’ The rule of law ensures that the rights of individuals are determined by legal rules and not the arbitrary behavior of authorities. There can be no punishment unless a court decides that there has been a breach of law.
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