The Consensus Model

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Julian Sanchez AJ100 Chapter 1 Review Questions August 31, 2015 Professor Michael W. Capeci M.S Describe the American experience with the crime during the last half century. What noteworthy criminal incidents or activities can you identify during that time, and what social and econimic conditions might have produced them? In the opinion of many American citizens, the American judicial system treats criminals as victims indicating favoritism towards the criminal. underage students on college campuses continue consuming alcohol at alarming rates; yet the majority of colleges fine students rather than pressing charges and allowing them to face legal punishment. What is the theme of this book? According to that theme, what are the differences…show more content…
According to the text, “the various parts of the justice system work together by design to achieve the wider propose we have been calling justice.” The consensus model “assumes that each of the component parts of the criminal justice system strives toward a common goal through cooperation between the various components of the system.” According to the conflict model, justice results from conflicts within the system rather than being a product of cooperation. This assumes the intention of various agencies conflict with one another leading to a…show more content…
Catching up with the text, investigation is the first step. Evidence is gathered and suspects are identified and the sequences of events are reconstructed. Next, an arrest warrant is issued by a judge. An arrest is made, during which defendant is advised of their “Miranda” rights. After arrest, comes booking. Pictures, finger prints, and personal info are obtained. A record is created and, in some cases, DNA is collected from the suspect. Next, they go before a magistrate for their first appearance, where they are informed of their charges, rights, and bail. At the preliminary hearing, it is determined if there is probable cause. Either the state prosecutor or a grand jury decides whether the case goes forward. If it does, the defendant is arraigned. They are again notified of their rights and asked to enter a plea. Adjudication (trial, basically) occurs to determine guilt or innocence. If convicted, then comes sentencing. Once sentenced, corrections comes into play (via jail time or other punishment), then probation and

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