The Concepts of Epidemiology and Nursing Research for Tuberculosis Essay

1387 WordsNov 19, 20146 Pages
The Concepts of Epidemiology and Nursing Research for Tuberculosis Grand Canyon University Concepts in Community and Public Health NRS-427V-O104 September 20, 2014 The Concepts of Epidemiology and Nursing Research for Tuberculosis Tuberculosis, also known as TB, (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) is most commonly known as a respiratory disease that is spread by the inhalation of contaminated droplets. The organism causing tuberculosis - Mycobacterium tuberculosis existed 15,000 to 20,000 years ago. Dr. Robert Koch was one of the most important and influential bacteriologists in history. In1882, Dr. Robert Koch identified the bacteria tuberculosis bacillus, which for many people proved to be contagiousness. Yet it wasn’t until the 20th century that the treatment for TB was placed into practice. It is estimated that approxametly10 percent of people infected with the disease, will end up with active TB. Symptoms for active TB may at most times become life threatening. The majority of the world recognizes TB as mostly being a respiratory disease. What the world is unaware of is that TB attacks other bodily systems such as “the brain, the circulatory system, the spine, the gastrointestinal system, the genitourinary system, bones, joints, and skin” (Furlow, 2010). The responsibility of a community healthcare nurse is to investigate communicable diseases such as TB or any other disease that may threat or invade their community. The chain of infection consists of a source of infecting microorganisms, a susceptible host and a means of transmission for bacteria to travel. The bacteria, Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the causative microorganism for TB. The only reservoir or susceptible host for TB is the human. The form of travel for TB is through inhaled contaminant droplets that are released into the air by coughing, sneezing, or singing. Maurer and Smith (2013)

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