The Concepts of Determinism, Compatibilism and Libertarianism

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The Concepts of Determinism, Compatibilism and Libertarianism In order to critically compare and contrast the concepts of determinism, compatibilism and Libertarianism, first their definitions and origins must be analyzed for a better clear and sound picture of these philosophical concepts. For a person to be familiar with these concepts, first one must understand their reflection to our daily life, how they were developed, and for what reason behind the development of these concepts. Determinism Determinism is the concept with the view that every event, including human actions, is brought about by previous events in accordance with universal causal laws that govern the world. Determinism views that human freedom is an illusion. Thomas Hobbes said that, he conceives that nothing takes beginning from itself, but from the action of some other immediate agent without itself. And that therefore, when first a man hath an appetite or will to something, to which immediately before he had neither appetite nor will, the cause of his will is not the will itself, but something else not in his own disposing. So that whereas it is out of controversy, that of voluntary actions the will is the necessary cause, and by this which is said, the will is also caused by other things whereof it disposed not, it followed, that voluntary actions have all of them necessary causes, and therefore are necessitated (Hobbes). The determinist view of human freedom is based on scientific model of the physical universe that most modern cultures assume that the universe is governed by causal laws that that can be discovered and can be used to predict what will happen in the future. Compatibilism Compatibalism is the view that all events, including human actions, are caused. However we can consider human actions free if they are a result of internal motivation influences or constraints.
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