Therefore, popular sovereignty would be used to decide the issue of slavery in the territories of Utah and New Mexico. All other territories, excluding the Indian Territory and Texas, were free of slavery. Those two exclusions were admitted as areas in which slave labor would be used. The problems arose because this caused the south to be outnumbered as far as stand on slavery went and they ended up losing control of the House of Representatives. In those times, as a stipulation of the Constitution, the House of Representatives voted the Senate.
However the Jim Crow laws were created after the ratification of these amendment for the sole purpose to restrict African Americans from the rights they had been granted. This essay questions why the fourteenth and fifteenth amendments weren't enforced into the Jim Crow
Separate but Equal? On July 19, 1890, the Louisiana General Assembly passed an act that provided equal but separate accommodations for each race for the comfort of all the passengers. This law is a clear violation of the 14th amendment so the American Citizens Equal Rights Association of Louisiana Against Class Legislation denounced the law. This group of African Americans raised money and challenged the constitutionality of the law. It was not until Adolph Plessy entered a train and sat in a whites only car that a case entered the Supreme Court.
The Embargo Act of 1807 is perhaps the most contradictory decision Jefferson has made in his presidency. Due to impressments of America sailors into the British Army, as well as Great Britain and France both trying to hinder American trade with the other side, Jefferson passed the act which prohibited all foreign trade, to and from the United States. This obliterated any views he was believed to have of a weak central government. The
Those who wanted the federal government to have more power said that States needed similar laws as each other as to not get separated by the differences and almost become different nations. Some of the Southern States decided that if Abraham Lincoln were elected as president then they would secede. They decided this because Lincoln was very anti-slavery and in the South’s opinion, was in favor of the North. Seven Southern States seceded even before Lincoln was elected. Slavery issues didn’t just have to do with the current States, new States who wanted to join the country were either going to be slave States or free States.
President Polk want to go to war with Mexico, while the Wig protested against going to war with Mexico. Document G. Sumner argued against the war because it all started because of the States annexing Texas, and it was unconstitutional to annex Texas at the first place. While in document H, the editor of New York Sun stated it was fine to go to war with Mexico because it brings the Mexicans liberty, safety, and prosperity. Another problem was the compromise for Oregon between the States and British. Due to the compromise, the northern border of the Oregon territory was set at the 49th parallel.
The war did not erupt in 1820 because a compromise was reached. The Missouri Compromise was a deal stuck by both sides of Congress, at this time the clear distinction between North and South had not been so prevalent, but this issue about the expansion of slavery was making bold lines in the sand. The Compromise of 1820 was about the extension of slavery and how it should not pass the 36°30’ north line in the Louisiana Territory, Congress wanted to keep the number of slave
In its first year of publication, it managed to sell 300,000 copies to Northerners and Southerners alike. It greatly appealed to Northern abolitionist sentiments while simultaneously angering Southerners, who felt insulted by the general characterizations of them made in Stowe’s book. In the North, abolitionists regarded Uncle Tom’s Cabin as further rationale for anti-slavery activism. The book instilled into Northerners a stereotypical view of Southern plantation owners as cruel, demoralizing, and greedy whip-wielding masters. Simon Legree, the novel’s antagonist slave driver, became the archetypal Southern figure for whom Northerners felt much contempt.
The Effectiveness of Political Compromise From the beginning of the United States, sectional differences had existed between the North and South. During the tumultuous years leading up to the Civil War, however, these differences became so serious that they threatened to divide the Union. The political compromises made in the period between 1820 and 1861 were effective only in reducing sectional tensions for a limited amount of time as they avoided the bigger issues and contradicted each other as evidenced by the Missouri Compromise, the case of Dred Scott v. Stanford, and the Compromise of 1850. There were many issues dividing the North and the South, but the most controversial by far was slavery. Slavery was seen as a moral abomination in the North and as a way of life in the South.
The south states now controlled transport, education and most importantly the police, prejudice and separation was thus introduced. This followed on through until 1929, even with the introduction of new rights for blacks, such as literacy qualifications in 1890 for voting. This segregation of African Americans appeared in most places for example it could be seen on trains to restaurants and churches to parks, it was endless. The discrimination put on the blacks in the southern states clearly affected their rise to real freedom quite dramatically. As the black vote was so limited it meant they really had no voice.