The Columbian Exchange What is The Columbian Exchange? It was an exchange of goods such as beliefs, ideas, animals, plants, diseases and even slaves between Europe and the Americas or from what I hear the old and new world. The Columbian Exchange is named after Christopher Columbus the European explorer who “discovered” the new world. The Europeans brought foods such as almonds, coffee, cucumbers, bananas, garlic, lettuce, tea and many other things that were new to the indigenous people. On the other hand the indigenous people gave the explorers things such as maize, chili peppers, agave, gum, papaya, tomatoes and all kinds of foods that the explorers never seen before.
From 1492C.E. to 1750C.E, the Columbian Exchange had similar interactive and economic effects in the Americas as it did in Europe like new agricultural goods and growth of economic products, but differed in the effects of the Columbian exchange, in terms of the epidemic spread in the Americas. New World crops were spread rapidly by Western European merchants. Corn and potatoes were a big factor in Europe; it marked the introduction of American crops into Europe. Besides those two products, several other foods from the Americas were transported to Europe as well, such as: peppers, maize, tomatoes, beans, and the squash.
The Caribbean and South America came hosts to the plantations of Old World cash crops such as sugar and coffee. The Columbian Exchange increased the health and wealth of Europeans and their colonists in the Americas. Animals that were interchanged through the Columbian Exchange made good and bad impacts on Europe. Some impacts were the transformation of grasslands and revolutionizing of labor. Overgrazing by herds of sheep was the reasons for the transformation of the grasslands.
Africa Essay The new imperialism by the Europeans to Africa in the late 19th and early 20th centuries was needed to fuel the industrial revolution.The thirst for resources and decline of the slave trade led to the further exploration of Africa’s natural riches. Consequently, conflict between the native Africans and Europeans led to both positive and negative effects for both parties (Doc 1,4). The Native Africans had the life sucked out of them after the colonization of Africa,however, the area was opened up to the world. The colonial system of government provided security of person and property in lands that were new and unexplored. The colonizers led the opening of the region to the lumbermen, miners, planters and others which began
The animals brought to the New World provided transportation, labor and food. Some of the crops that were brought over from Europe were rice, wheat, cotton, barley, and sugarcane. Some of the intangibles that the Europeans brought were diseases such as syphilis and small pox, religion, and of course their language. In return Europeans brought back from the Americas items such as tomatoes, potatoes, corn, tobacco, beans, coco, and precious metals. The Triangular trade was the trade cycle between Europe, Africa, and the New World.
The arrival of Euorpean traders in the 1500's made the Chinese government nervous and as a result, isolated the people for fear of cultural changes. However, because of the high demand for goods, trade continued to take place illegally. When the dynasty collapsed and the Manchus took over, trade was controlled overseas. In the Qing Dynasty, trade made for a huge population growth in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Trade with America caused this growth through their introduction of new crops to China.
The Columbian Exchange impacted the social and cultural makeup of both sides of the Atlantic. Advancements in agriculture production, evolution of warfare, increased mortality rates and education are just a few examples of the effect of the Columbian Exchange on both Europeans and Native Americans. The Columbian Exchange influenced technological advances in the late 15th and early 16th centuries. Native Americans were impacted more by the technological transition. The most notable of these changes were a written alphabet, new farming capabilities, new firearm and weapon capabilities and architectural ingenuity.
It proved to be very beneficial to Europe and was practiced for quite some time. Along with the development of mercantilism, migrations increased because of the population boom due to the corn and potatoes. A new social class was developed called the Bourgeoisie. But to work the land and farm it the Europeans needed slaves of which were abducted and bought from Africa after most of the Native Americans that had already been occupying the land were dying off from the foreign
Name: James Allam Ejidio Course: African History CHANGES AND FACTORS THAT OCCURRED AFTER THE ARRIVAL OF EUROPEANS IN AFRICA Introduction From the 17th through the 20th centuries, Europeans powers scrambled to divide Africa among themselves in a monumentous colonial movement that left lasting impressions and far-reaching consequences for Africa and the international political stage. Five major impacts of colonialism in Africa were Combat against other African, long lasting racial oppression, widespread poverty, Underdevelopment and Distortion of the traditional organization of African life. Combat against other Africans Most Europeans
There was a culture exchange, between the two landmasses. Europeans had brought over disease that the natives had no immunity. The diseases included influenza, measles, small pox, and typhus. These diseases killed millions “in the Maya area of Mexico, as much as 95 percent of the population perished.” (American Civ to 1914, 13-14). Another big cultural exchange was with crops.