The Columbian Exchange

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Directions: Write a Free Response Essay answering the following questions: Analyze the effects of the Columbian exchange (the interchange of plants, animals, and diseases between the Old World and the New World) on the population and economy of Europe in the period 1550 to 1700 The arrival of Christopher Columbus in the Americas marked the meeting of the previous separate worlds, thus began the columbian exchange. When Christopher Columbus and his crew arrived in the Americas , The Bahamas, on October 1492 the two separate worlds were reunited. After Columbus arrived in Americas the animal, plant, and bacterial life in these two worlds began to mix together. By reuniting the two unknown worlds it had made dramatic and lasting effects on the world. The result of the new bacteria, animal, and plant life mixing caused devastating effects on the Americas and Europeans together. The results of this exchange altered both regions historically forever. Christopher Columbus, Cristoforo Colombo, was born in Genoa in 1451 to a humble family. Cristoforo had soon learned the classical learning that had been recently rediscovered and made available in printed form. He also mastered geography, and most likely while traveling the coast of West Africa, he became obsessed with traveling West across the Atlantic Ocean to reach Cahty, China. In 1484 Columbus presented his idea to the king or Portugal. The Portuguese were just as interested as Columbus was, but they elected to travel around Africa instead of taking Columbus's route. The Portuguese had thought that Columbus's math was way off and that he would starve before making it to Cathy. Unbothered by rejection Columbus went to Isabella and Ferdinand for financial backing. They were no more interested than the Portuguese had been. But time was Columbus's side. Columbus lobbying on behalf of the "Enterprise of the Indies"
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