The Columbian Exchange

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The Columbian Exchange Between 1492 and 1750, there were many drastic demographic and environmental effects of the Columbian Exchange on the Americas and Europe. The bringing of new diseases impacted both of these regions influencing their populations, affecting the Americas more when smallpox was brought by the European explorers. Also demographically was the establishment of silver mines and sugar plantations causing new labor systems directed by the Europeans. Agricultural goods also had a lasting impact with the Americas being introduced to sugar and domesticated animals as well as Europe being introduced to new crops with the Columbian Exchange. With the trading of the Columbian Exchange, diseases were increasing and affecting both the Americas and Europe. The Europeans brought multiple new diseases to the Native American population, smallpox being a major known disease. Wiping out two-thirds of the Native American population, they weren’t used to the infectious disease being brought with domesticated animals. With the impact of diseases not being as effective on Europe as it was for the Americas, Europe could withstand it. Also demographically, the start of sugar plantations and silver mines was another major effect on the Native Americans. The population was starting to decrease even more as the labor systems began to increase its brutal and harsh working conditions. With the Europeans causing such a loss in the Native’s population slaves were being imported from West Africa. Agriculture within the Columbian Exchange introduced both regions to new crops and animals. New goods were being brought to each region, with the Americans introducing Europe to tobacco, corn and potatoes. The potato impacted the region greatly with it being easy to grow and non-expensive supplying many low class citizens with a reliable source of food. The Europeans brought
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