I will also seek to explain how what was a plentiful labour market in England, became a labour shortage during and after the Black Death. This gave greater power to workers and caused the upper classes to act to curb the newfound sense of self-worth and empowerment of the lower class. This social upheaval had profound impacts on England in Europe at the time and in the future. The Black Death was a pandemic that spread across Europe the Middle East and Asia during 1347 to 1351. Black Death is also known as the Bubonic Plague from a bacterium scientifically named “Y.
The arrival of the Europeans gave the natives smallpox, which weakened the natives and made it easier for the conquistadores to take over what was left. Smallpox—the diseases that so ravaged Tenochtitlan on the eve of Cortes’s final siege— Balolong Page 2 was a particularly efficient killer (doc 7). With smallpox taking down much of the population all over the America’s the natives can’t effectively fight back without uniting because of their small numbers, but since they did not unite they were easily conquered. Clearly, the secret weapon of the conquistadores was their great weapon. They would make fine servants… With fifty men we could subjugate them all and make them do whatever we want (doc 1).
• European empire building caused the demographic collapse of Native American societies. • Combinations of indigenous, European, and African peoples created entirely new societies in the Americas. • Large-scale exchanges of plants and animals transformed the crops and animals raised both in the Americas and in the Eastern Hemisphere. This was the largest and most consequential exchange of plants and animals to this point in human history, and it remade the biological environment of the planet. • The silver mines of Mexico and Peru fueled both transatlantic and
|Name: |Date: | Graded Assignment Consequences of the Columbian Exchange (50 points) When Europeans began colonizing new lands, they brought with them plants, animals, and other goods that did not exist in the New World, and they took back with them things that did not exist in Europe, Africa, or Asia. This exchange among continents altered diets, farming patterns, and even the economic organization of some countries. The consequences of this global transfer, called the Columbian Exchange, were far reaching. Step 1: Read over the following scenarios that resulted in the Columbian Exchange and think about the unintended consequences in each. • Some European sailors have smallpox.
There were a lot a deaths and diseases that spread among the neighboring Indian tribes that sent a lot of them to an early grave including Captain Gosnold the Projector of the Enterprise. Planter John Rolfe and Captain John Smith mapped the area and intimidated Indians getting food that kept settlers from starving. This ended the mad scramble for gold as well as forced the men to build defenses and plant Indian corn. The economy of the Virginia Colony depended on farming as the main source of money. Due to the climate the colony wasn’t able to produce other crops necessary for survival.
Collectivisation was introduced by Mao in 1958, in 1958 production rate of food was at 200 million tonnes, but by 1960 the production rate had fallen to 143.5 million. Within 2 years one of Mao’s own policies had caused a fall in production rate of 56.5 million. Despite the figures Mao insisted that many peasants were growing more food than necessary and keeping some for themselves, Mao accused the peasants of being ‘inherently capitalist’ and that they were against being a part of a communist state. The policy of collectivisation contributed hugely to the scale of the famine; the peasants resented the change as they didn’t have enough land to farm their crops, on top of this the authorities believed that they needed to be ‘strictly controlled and directed’. This attitude towards the peasants amplified the issues of collectivisation and caused scale of the famine to worsen.
While millions of Native Americans died of European diseases, millions of Europeans died of European diseases too. In fact, one reason the natives suffered such catastrophic mortality was that Europeans arriving in the New World were filled with foreign diseases. Ironically, in some years, as much as twenty five percent of European immigrants died at sea, often of diseases such as typhus that they had picked up in the ports they had just left. Epidemics were common in Europe and it was not uncommon for a town to lose a third of its population to some new outbreak. It is said that up until World War two, many great armies lost more soldiers to disease than to actual
This caused anger over the Maori tribes and lead to massive fights over land. The muskets brought by European people gave Maori people a huge advantage fighting over their enemies because they could shoot them from a distance rather than fighting face to face. Muskets were highly valued with in Maori people and often traded around twenty pigs for one musket. Introduced diseases from the European settlers were the major reason for the Maori population decrease. In the 1890s the Maori population had fallen to about 40% of its original size.
In Britain 60% of our food is produced through agriculture this means that almost all of the 40% grown elsewhere is in hot environments. So a national food crisis would be if something happened to food exported and farming life was attacked by disease, pollution or drier soil and this will cause food to not be distributed amongst everyone, so only the richer places which can afford food will receive it. A GLOBAL food crisis is exactly that but it is the whole entire world struggling not just one country. In the previous paragraph I went on to explain about what desertification really means however I did not explain desertification to the great detail it deserves. Desertification is increasing due to population increases; this is because we need more resources such as wood and livestock.
1.0-EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1.1-BACKGROUND OF THE ISSUE The global food crisis is affecting millions of children and families around the world, threatening to push further 100 million people into deeper poverty. The crisis has been caused by a combination of factors, including an increasing in oil and other commodity prices. Many of those already struggling to survive now face malnutrition and starvation as skyrocketing prices makes staples like rice increasingly unaffordable. Global food crisis also where the price of food has been rising for a while. In some countries this has resulted in food riots and in the case of Haiti where food prices increased by 50-100%, the Prime Minister was forced out of office.