The Cold War: Causes And Consequences Of The Cold War

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COLD WAR Cold War (1947-1991) was an open confrontation, non-military (although it has caused the arms race) and limited, which took place after World War II between two groups of states that were diametrically opposed ideologies and political systems: USSR her allies, who are also said Oriental or Eastern Bloc and the USA and their allies, also called Western or Western Bloc. The term cold war was popularized by American journalist Walter Lippmann and entered in plain language his speech in 1947. Winston Churchill in 1946 in the town of Fulton US warns that Western democracies were on the point of being swallowed by communism and proposed a close Anglo-American alliance to defend them. Immediately after the Second World War, United States…show more content…
This period ends with the Soviet invasion in Afghanistan in 1979, considered the worst mistake that Moscow made a foreign policy during the entire Soviet period. During the fourth was an acceleration of the arms race, this period is known as the Cold War. This process was stopped due to Gorbachev's original vision, who wanted a fundamental reassessment of Russian foreign policy and negotiate a new relationship with America. In 1985 Mikhail Gorbachev became president of the USSR, with decisive consequences of the Cold War. Concentrate on internal reform Gorbachev realized that the Soviet Union could no longer cope burdening arms race. In contrast to the controversial domestic reforms, Gorbachev was highly regarded in the West for "new thinking" in foreign affairs issues. Gorbachev tried to improve relations with the West and commerce by reducing Cold War tensions. He established close relationships with some of the Western leaders, German Chancellor Kohl, US President Ronald Reagan and British Prime Minister Margaret…show more content…
On April 8, 1985, he announced the suspension system installed SS-20 missiles in Europe, conceived as a movement directed towards solving the problem of medium-range missiles. Later that year, Gorbachev suggested that the Americans and the Soviets together to reduce nuclear arsenals in half. In October, he made his first visit as leader of the Soviet Union abroad in France. In November, during the Soviet-American summit in Geneva, although there have been no special agreement, Gorbachev and US President Ronald Reagan rennet very close personal contact and agree on new dates. In January 1986, Gorbachev will make the boldest move in the international arena, when he proposed eliminating missiles with medium range in Europe and its strategy to eliminate all nuclear weapons by the year 2000 (hereinafter "Motion January"). He initiated and the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan and Mongolia on July

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