The Cold War Essay

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When you hear “The Cold War”, you might picture a horrendous, bloody brawl. You might even take the name quite literally and think of it as a war that took place when the weather was cold. However, that is not the case. In fact, the Cold War was a war, just not a war that involved direct physical fighting. The Cold War was a war between the Soviet bloc countries and the US-led Western powers, along with their allies, from 1945 to 1991. So, how exactly did the United States (U.S.) and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) fight without actually fighting? It was the year 1945. World War II had just ended, and there was already another war just beginning. The United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics had been allies in World War II and fought together against Nazi Germany, although they were not very close allies. They cold-shouldered each other. Soon after the war was over, they fell out of alliance and became rancorous rivals. During the conflict, the United States was allies with Western Europe, and the USSR was allies with Eastern Europe. In 1949, the West formed an alliance of countries called the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and in 1955 the East formed an alliance called the Warsaw Pact. The two sides believed in different types of government. “The countries of the East were run by communist governments, whereas the countries of the West had democratic, capitalist governments.” Each side thought that the other sides’ beliefs were wrong. “The Western countries hated communism and believed that the USSR was out to spread it throughout the world. They, therefore, did everything they could to stop it from spreading. The USSR always denied that they wanted to spread communism and said that the democratic countries were the ones who wanted to dominate the world.”2 There were no weapons involved, but people lived with intense fear

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