The Cold War Essay

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The development of nuclear weapons was judged by Time magazine to be the most significant event of the twentieth century. Born of world war and nurtured during the prolonged era of the Cold War, the presence of the atomic bomb altered the calculus by which nations look at and act toward one another. For those nations that came to possess them, nuclear weapons symbolized the high stakes game of international politics and the struggle for power and influence played out by its major protagonists. (Scott, Jones, & Furmanski, 2004) The Cold War is the name given to the relationship that developed primarily between the USA and the USSR after World War II. The Cold War was to dominate international affairs for decades and many major crises occurred - the Cuban Missile Crisis, Vietnam, and the Berlin Wall being just some. For many the growth in weapons of mass destruction was the most worrying issue. (Trueman, 2000-2011) Since, both the U.S fought as allies during WWII, you would think their relationship would be friendly. Unfortunately, that never happened and the two “superpowers” truly were never friendly towards each other; even during the war. Before the war even started, both sides had distrust for each other and the only reason they were friendly towards each other was the result of having to fight a mutual foe – Nazi Germany. Americans had long been wary of Soviet communism and concerned about the Russian leader Joseph Stalin, and the Soviets resented the Americans’ decades-long refusal to treat the USSR as a legitimate part of the international community as well as their delayed entry into World War II, which resulted in the deaths of tens of millions of Russians. After the war ended, these grievances ripened into an overwhelming sense of mutual distrust and enmity. Postwar Soviet expansionism in Eastern Europe fueled many Americans’ fears of a Russian

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