The Cold War Essay

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Chapter 32 Summary The Cold War is defined as the ideological struggle between communism (Soviet Union “Warsaw Pact”) and Capitalism (United States “NATO”) for world influence. In 1948 the united states begin to view the Soviet Union as an adversary and threat. Prior to the Cold War Was World War II. World War II (1939-1945) the United States decided to develop the Marshall Plan to aid European recovery from the devastation of World War II. During The Cold War there began a development of nuclear weapons; It was a race for nuclear supremacy. The Soviet Union had exploded its first nuclear device in 1949. Then the United States created a more powerful hydrogen bomb in 1952, but the Soviet Union followed suit less than a year later. Also following World War II many colonies began to decolonize. Most Latin American nations had achieved political independence. The Barbados, Guyana, Jamaica, and Trinidad Tobago all gained independence. The countries that had the most struggles in gaining independence were in Africa. Britain and France wouldn’t let some of the countries gain Independence. Decolonization lasted from 1947 to 1990. After decolonization new nations organized the “Nonaligned Movement” to assert a middle ground between the Cold War rivals. These “New Nations” were also known as nonaligned nations. Nonaligned nations were developing countries that announced their neutrality in the Cold War. To be called nonaligned signaled a countries independence from the Soviet or U.S. control. Leaders involved in the “Nonalignment Movement” felt it was an opportunity to extract money from both parties. As receiving money, training, weapons, and barter agreements from one power it would do the same from the other; pretty much playing “both sides of the field.” Starting in 1936 Arabs unleashed a guerrilla uprising against the British. Under

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