The Cherokee Removal

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Cherokee Removal The removal of the Cherokee Indians from their native land was a long process which precisely lasted from the date of 1802; when the United States Government created a new agreement with the State of Georgia, overlooking the agreement that was already in place; the Treaty of Hopewell signd in 1785, to the date of 1839, which was when the Cherokee Indians had emigrated out of the Georgia Territory; forcefully. The Treaty of Hopewell was a signed agreement between the United States Government and the Cherokee Indian Nation meant to preserve the Cherokees' right to their native land. The Cherokee Indians thought of the agreement as a permanent and binding contract; however, many white Americans…show more content…
As well as other states, Georgia had in its' possession, legal rights to ownership of land in the western areas of the United States. These legal rights were obstacles for the even bigger and more powerful, federal government in its' main goals for expansion; Thus leading to the already stated; the revoking of the Indian land rights. There were many Indian tribes that were affected by the revoking of the land rights alongside the Cherokee Indians, such as the Creek Indians. Both tribes were among Georgias' major tribes at the time. However, since the agreement made between the federal government and the State of Georgia made it a priority to state that the removal of the Indians from the land would be done, "peaceably and on reasonable terms", the government did not put much empasis into the removing of them. Early on when the government first did start to put plans into action of the removal of the Indians, they merely had only tried to persuade them. The…show more content…
Jackson believed strongly in the removal of the Cherokee and won presidency. In 1830, President Jackson issued the, "Indian Removal Act of 1830". It was created to remove the five "civilized" tribes, all in which included the Cherokee. His regulation contradicted former president Jefferson's idea of "civilized" Indians being accepted into the American culture. Due to the contradiction, those from the, "Free citizens of the Cherokee nation," petitioned to Congress for help preserving their land. They went to the Supreme Court and took advantage of the American justice system. Chief Justice John Marshall, in Cherokee Nation v. Georgia (1831), said that the Cherokee Indians "deserved paternal regard and protection," but could not be granted that because of the facts that they lacked the rights of citizens. From this case on, the Cherokee continued to be involved in a four year decision on a treaty, ending in 1835. The treaty was made between both the United States Government and the Cherokee. The Cherokee agreed to give the State Georgia its' claims on land that were east of the Mississippi River and also all of the claims

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