Eager for land to raise cotton, the settlers pressured the federal government to acquire the Indian Territory. Georgia, in particular, was the main source of the dispute. It was the largest state at the time and was involved in a jurisdictional dispute with the Cherokee nation. President Jackson hoped the removal of Native Americans would resolve the crisis in Georgia. The Indian Removal Act was also very controversial, while Native American removal, in theory, was voluntary.
The seeds of a removal program were sown in the series of negotiations with southeastern tribes that began with the first Treaty of Hopewell in 1785. Many citizens of the southeastern states, especially Georgia, believed that the federal government too often made concessions to powerful, well-organized tribes such as the Creeks and the Cherokees. In 1802, when Georgia was asked to cede the lands from which the states of Alabama and Mississippi would later be created, it did so only after extracting a promise from federal officials to "peaceably obtain, on reasonable terms," the Indian title to all land within Georgia's borders. In 1803, President Thomas Jefferson saw an opportunity to both appease Georgia and legitimize his controversial Louisiana
Additionally, the verdict had many political and social implications, provoked angry resentment in the North and led the country a step closer to civil war. After the Civil War and the introduction and passage of the U.S. Constitution’s 14th Amendment finally brought about the overturning of the decision. Adopted in 1868, this amendment granted citizenship to former slaves and their descendants and gave them the benefit and protection of their civil liberties. Dred Scott was an illiterate slave born in 1799. He was born as the property of the Peter Blow family since his parents were both slaves.
Although the Indian removal is generally associated with the 1830 act of congress, the process was already being put in effect as early as the 1700s. There was pressure of the whites settlers that led to a small party of Choctaws, Chickasaws and Cherokees to move west of the Mississippi by 1807. Jefferson led the native people to believe that if they were to stay on the land they should adapt to the whites beliefs and religious mindset. The Natives where desperate and in an effort to keep their land they were willing to try anything, so they learned the English language started dressing like them and started to get educated. Assimilation was never the plan though Jefferson ultimately wanted the move the natives off their land and continue the expansion.
Tyler Kroll Social Studies Period 8 11/14/11 Worcester vs. Georgia Court Case The Worcester versus Georgia Supreme Court Case first started when the state of Georgia made laws that favored the Cherokee since the Cherokee did not want the Americans to keep pushing them more and more west. The laws that were made by Georgia were that the United Stated could not take away the land that the Cherokee had. These laws were laws that were what the Cherokee had wanted. All white people living in the Cherokee land did not have to directly leave though as the people who lived in the Cherokee land which was missionaries and people who married the Cherokee. Everybody who was not either a missionary or a person who married a Cherokee had to leave.
Summary: In this policy paper, I will be discussing the Indian Removal Act of 1830 and its implications on the Cherokee Tribe. Although the Indian removal Act of 1830 affected not only the Cherokee Tribe in the southeast part of the United States, but for this paper, I will be discussing how the Indian Removal Act affected the Cherokee Tribe. The Indian Removal Act was signed into law by Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830, authorizing the president to grant unsettled lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing state borders. A few tribes went peacefully, but many resisted the relocation policy. During the fall and winter of 1838 and 1839, the Cherokees were forcibly moved west by the United States government.
The southern style was that of, as mentioned in the first constitution, a distrustful people as far as government is concerned. Because of this distrust the constitution also limited executive authority by establishing the governors term of service to be 2 years and legislative sessions to be held biennialy. The Spanish influence can also be seen in the property rights given to the women and the communal property laws, which stated that women must be given ½ of the value of all property acquired during the marriage. The Statehood Constitution lasted till 1861 when Texas decided to join the Confederacy in the Civil War. In 1861 the Texas Constitution was changed yet again.
Secession for Slavery Brett Kovel Teed Hist 111 10-16-13 Nearly 155 years after the end of the Civil War, new questions of why the Confederate States seceded have arisen amongst the historical and national communities. Was secession from the Union because of slavery or because of a constitutional right? According to General Bradley T. Johnson,” every lover of constitutional liberty, liberty controlled by law, all over the world begins to understand that the war was not a war waged by the South in defense of slavery, but was a war to protect liberty won and bequeathed by free ancestors.” Now, General Bradley said this in 1896, nearly 31 years after the conclusion of the Civil War. It could be that he, like
As Americans moved west, Jackson supported the process of removal and relocation. A major event during the removal process was the Trail of Tears, the march of the Cherokee Indians in 1838. Before this event, Jackson followed every law to the letter, and was in the process of negotiating treaties with southern Natives. However, the process was moving along too slowly for southern settlers, as states passed laws regulating Natives within their states. Congress was forced to pass the Removal Act of 1830, which appropriated funds for removal.
The term reconstruction is used because this was the period when the federal government restored seceded states to the Union. This quickly proved to be a difficult and strenuous process as the government had to figure out three major issues: one, how to deal with the southern states as they rejoined the union; two, how the southern whites should be treated; and three, how to deal with the freed slaves. Abraham Lincoln came up with a plan that was strongly opposed by Congress. It basically stated that if Southern states were willing to take an oath of allegiance to the United States, then they shouldn’t be punished. After Lincoln’s assassination, President Andrew Johnson decided to adopt Lincoln’s plan of reconstruction.