On January 28, 1986, on the twenty-fifth mission of the shuttle program, the shuttle Challenger exploded into flames shortly after lift-off. A presidential commission eventually identified the cause of the explosion as a failure of the joints on a booster rocket to seal. “The 'culprits' were the synthetic rubber O-rings that were designed to keep the rockets' super hot gases from escaping from the joints between the booster's four main segments. Resulting flames then burned through the shuttle's external fuel tank. Liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen then mixed and ignited, causing the explosion that destroyed the Challenger" (Palmer, Dunford, & Akin, 2009, p. 375).
Rookie flyer Jack Swigert, in the beginning was the backup command module pilot. He joined the crew officially just 48 hours before the launch on April 11, 1970, after major crew member named Ken Mattingly was unintentionally exposed to the German measles. Since Mattingly had never had the measles which meant no immunity, NASA doctors pulled him from the mission over commander Jim Lovell's objections. The Apollo spacecraft was made up of two independent spacecraft’s joined by a tunnel. The two spacecraft’s were known as Orbiter Odyssey and lander Aquarius.
The Skylab Space Station was launched May 14, 1973, from the NASA Kennedy Space Center by the colossal Saturn V launch vehicle (the moon rocket of the Apollo Space Program). Sixty-three seconds after liftoff of the Space Station, the shield designed to protect it from meteoroids also to shade Skylab's workshop—moved without any intent. The shield was torn from the space station because of atmospheric drag. This event led to a ten-day period where Skylab has many problems that had to be taken care of before the space station would be safe for future missions. The Skylab Space Station was launched into orbit on May 14, 1973 as part of the Apollo program.
“Evaluate The Evidence That Suggests The Moon Landing Was A Hoax.” – In President John F. Kennedy's speech to Congress, on May 25, 1961, he expressed a concern that the United States was falling behind the Soviet Union in technology and prestige. He challenged the nation to put a man on the moon before the end of the decade. On July 16, 1969, the Apollo 11 launched from the Kennedy Space Centre. On July 20, 1969, Commander Neil Armstrong became the first man on the moon. He said the historic words, "That's one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind."
We learned a lot about the origin of the moon and also about the early history of the earth. Not to mention all the technological advances that were made such as the advancements in computers which were used to guide the Saturn V rocket into the earth's orbit (Howell). After all the benefits that we have reaped from going to the moon why would we stop. The problem is that with the advancement of technology a lot of space missions that used to require humans no longer do. That is why after George W. Bush announced the launch of a program designed to put men back on the moon many people, including astronomers came out against the idea (David).
Soon there would be no more colonies, no human settlements-and nowhere left to run.” – Nylund, 23. Throughout the story, their enemy, the Covenant, literally destroys any remotely safe area for humans by using their ships to turn planets and colonies into glass, or what they call “cleansing.” The next use of foreshadowing is when Dr. Halsey, the creator of the secret United Nations Space Command Project SPARTAN II, informs the group of the specially-chosen seventy-five six-year-old children of their eventual hardship, and thinking about of what she had just done to them. “These were indeed the right children for the project. Dr. Halsey only hoped that she had half their courage when the time came.” This is evident of the inevitable, brutal and unforgiving trials that are to come, but such is necessary as they will become the legends that the military needed them to be. The final use of foreshadowing is when Captain Keyes and the crew of the Pillar of Autumn find a fabricated, halo-shaped world, with an atmosphere, terrain and gravity imitating that of Earth.
The factors that contributed to the Columbia disaster were a large piece of foam insulation broke off and hit the orbiter’s left wing which damaged the thermal protection system. The heat of reentry destroyed the wing, which lead to the breaking up of the orbiter. There were also the budget constraints that NASA was under. NASA promised to launch all the United States payloads. They considered the orbiter a reusable as a means for long-run cost savings.
An Arrow Through The Heart Canada was in the market for a state or the art interceptor to combat the threat of Soviet bombers after World War II. The response was the Avro Arrow, which was developed from 1949 until its controversial cancellation in 1959. This cancellation was detrimental to Canada’s aeronautical industry as it led to the loss of a Canadian aircraft that was leaps and bounds ahead of its time. Furthermore, the Avro Arrow program was more cost effective that the Bomarc system at the time of cancellation. Lastly, the program’s closure cost 25, 000 people their jobs.
There would be no life forms that would survive, to include the planet if the meteor were to hit earth. The only chance for survival rests in the hands of Harry Stamper, his drilling crew, few NASA astronauts, and they only have 18 days to complete the mission and blow up the meteor. One may believe the alternate themes may be that teams need to work together and communicate with all means possible. Some could say that they should have trust as well as belief in all members. NASA must learn to take criticism while giving control over to men they would not normally have anything to do with.
The first one is the dangers of satellite debris. The satellites that we send will operate only for a few years and after which they will lose communication with the earth's satellite communication centres or radio centres due to fuel deployment. Hence they start to orbit around earth for no purpose. Also, the parts/ stages of rocket that is used to launch the satellite into its orbit go on orbiting due to earth's gravity. These launch vehicle parts usually contain fuel that poses threat to other satellites and international space station.