The Challenge Of Third World Development Essay

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After 30 years in power President Hosni Mubarak resigned. After weeks of protests President Hosni Mubarak handed control to the Supreme Military Control. “Game over" was the message from the streets, and protesters were adamant that they would not go home until he left office.” (BBC, 2011) The government attempted several times to offer concessions to the protestors, but it only made them more passionate about what they were trying to do. “Egypt has long been known as a center of stability in a volatile region, but that masked malignant problems which erupted in popular demonstrations against the 30-year rule of Hosni Mubarak on 25 and 28 January. His National Democratic Party (NDP) monopolized political power through a mixture of constitutional manipulation, repression and rigged elections, cronyism, and the backing of powerful foreign allies. The main drivers of the unrest have been poverty, rising prices, social exclusion, anger over corruption and personal enrichment among the political elite, and a demographic bulge of young people unable to find work. The catalyst was fellow Arabs in Tunisia successfully overthrowing their autocratic ruler, Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali, with a popular uprising on 14 January. Popular anger was fuelled by dozens of deaths at the hands of the security forces, while protesters' voices have been heard thanks to social media and the presence of independent news broadcasters at the scene. Their rallying cries were "The people want the fall of the regime", "Mubarak, go", and "Illegitimate, illegitimate".” (BBC, 2011) Egypt is the most populous Arab country and has a large impact on political weight around the world. The United States and Cairo’s relationship is held together by the peace treaty with Isreal, agreed in the late-1970s. “Hosni Mubarak's autocracy, and billions of dollars of US military aid, permitted him a free hand to
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