Social influence includes a variation in ideas, beliefs, attitudes, or behavior as a result of interacting (Fiske, 2010). Conformity and obedience are important factors in groups because they command members to follow societal norms. Members who decide to go against societal norms can be described as nonconformist and detrimental to society. This paper will attempt to compare and contrast the concepts of conformity and obedience. An analysis of a classical study concerning the effect of group influence on the self will be discussed.
In our matrix we will discuss Allport’s psychology of the individual theory, and the trait and factor theory. Both theories express how personality can change personalities and, the different associations that we have over time. Allport’s theory, psychology of the individual, sees human personality different from psychoanalytical and behavioral views. Allport believed that individual’s personality and behavior were not only determined by experiences stored in the unconscious but also by conscious decisions made in the present (Feist & Feist, 2009). Allport also believed that humans are not only organisms that react to rewards and punishment instead humans can interact with the environment and vice versa (Feist & Feist, 2009).
There are several methods used by psychologists to treat mental disorders, I shall be outlining three of those in this essay, namely the psychoanalysis, biological therapies and the behavioural methods respectively. Psychoanalysis is a psychological and psychotherapeutic theory founded in the late 19th century by Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud. To be treated with psychoanalysis, whatever the introducing issue, the individual asking for assistance should show a longing to begin an investigation. The individual wishing to begin an investigation must have some limit for discourse and conveyance. Too, they need to have the ability to have or advance trust and knowledge inside the psychoanalytic session.
Examine how three of the major psychological perspectives explain two mental health conditions. (1500) There are many different perspectives used by psychologists to explain a mental illness. Depression and schizophrenia will be discussed in this essay in relation to a biological, cognitive and behaviourist perspective. This essay will provide evidence for each of the models discussed. It will also include an evaluation of their explanation of the theories for the causes of depression and schizophrenia.
He believes that the society survives because al the members of society have shared norms and values which he calls the collective conscience. Parson calls this the central value system (CVS). merton's theory of crime attempts to explain why some groups in society are forced to abandon their shared norms and values and replace them with deviant ones. He says in order to achieve the American dream (CVS) they must accept the cultural goals which is the accepted success goals of society. E.g.
Title: Analyse a therapy used in an aspect of Mental Health Care and its Evidence Base Chosen Topic: Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) for Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is an enduring mental illness and “a major psychiatric disorder, or cluster of disorders, characterised by psychotic symptoms that alter a person’s perception, thoughts, affect and behaviour” (NICE, 2009). “Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based talking therapy that attempts cognitive and behavioural change based on an individualised formulation of a client’s personal history, problems and world views” (Tai and Turkington, 2009). It was built on behavioural principles that emphasised “clear relationships between cognition, physiology and emotion” (Beck, 1952). This essay will analyse the use of CBT as a psychosocial intervention to patients with schizophrenia. Additionally, it will discuss definition of severe mental illness and why it is hard to define on a single definition and how it is being assessed for appropriate management and treatment.
Sociology 1 Class Paper Looking through the Sociology lens we are able to see the systematic study of human society today. Beliefs are specific statements that people who share a culture hold to be true. Beliefs are strongly underlined by Values which broadens Beliefs. Deviance is the violation of cultural norms. Norms guide all human activity, so the concept of Deviance is quite broad itself.
The aim of trait theory is to produce general principles of why people behave differently in different situations. Questionnaires, for example Eysenck’s Personality Inventory (EPI), are used to produce psychometric inventories, which are a measure of personality traits. This is a scientific approach, facilitating prediction of how a particular person will react in a specific situation. Other trait theorists (e.g. Kant) considered traits to be categorical.
Society can limit the ways in which people express their identity and seek to fulfill their potential. Our identity is shaped by positive and negative experiences. It is also a self-representation of our interest, relationships, socially activity and numerous other factors. Our sense of identity also stems very closely from our sense of belonging and how we relate to something or someone. However, the society or the occupants of the place we reside in have an underlying impact on how we express ourselves and fulfill our potential. Society defines the right and wrong for us, thereby limiting the choices we have to express ourselves.
The process of socialisation is very important as it teaches us how to behave in society. We need to be socialised because without it we wouldn’t know the accepted norms and values within a society. Although people have different norms and values, as we develop and experience changes throughout our life we alter our behaviour according to agents of socialisation. In society we inevitably change the way our norms, values and behaviour to suit individuals or groups. These individuals or groups are called agents of socialisation.