The Cause Of Climate Change In Western Canada

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Climate change is a wide and broad topic. Each human being is affected or contributes to climate change. Over the years we have seen a major development in climate change, with the fluctuating temperatures especially in Western Canada. We have seen drier and hotter summers; mild and warmer winters as years go by. In this paper we will be exploring the contributing factors to this development and what the different causes are to climate change. Whether it being the famous El Nino effect or record-breaking temperatures, they all show the cause of climate change. Just this past summer it was recorded that Vancouver broke a 119-year-old record for temperatures in summer 2012. This shows that climate is growing rapidly and with these increasing…show more content…
Over the years we have seen the change grow rapidly. Firstly the greenhouse gas emissions are the main cause of climate change. The five following gasses contribute to the greenhouse gas effect: Water Vapor, Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Methane, Nitrous Oxide, and Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). Water Vapor is the most rich greenhouse gas. It increases as the Earth’s atmosphere warms which makes it the most feedback mechanisms to the green house effect. Carbon Dioxide is released through natural activities like volcano eruptions and human activities like deforestation and burning of fossil fuels. We have seen that humans have increased their atmospheric CO2 concentration by a third since the Industrial Revolution. Methane is a hydrocarbon gas, which is produced through natural sources and human activities such as decomposition of wastes in landfills and rice cultivation. Methane is a more active green house gas than CO2 but is less abundant in the atmosphere. Nitrous Oxide is a strong greenhouse gas produced by soil cultivation with the use of commercial and organic fertilizers and fossil fuel combustion. Finally Chlorofluorocarbons are synthetic compounds of industrial origin that are used for the destruction of the ozone…show more content…
We have experienced in the past couple years milder and warmer winters, with receiving less and less snow but more and more rain. This is called the El Nino effect. El Nino is a temporary change in climate around the Pacific Ocean; it affects both the ocean and the atmosphere. We have seen as years go by our winters are becoming warmer and wetter. Recently Vancouver experienced its strongest El Nino effect since 1997-1998. In the winter of 2010, Vancouver hosted the winter Olympics and came across the issue of not having enough snow on the mountains for the skiing events. The El Nino affect contributed the most to this issue with the warm water infusing the air off the West Coast with warm moisture and raising the air temperature, pushing the freezing point higher in the
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