People began flocking to California when they started hearing stories about the gold rush, dreams of making it rich, gold lying around just waiting for you to grab it. The gold rush began when james w. marshall found some at sutter mill in Coloma californai. He probably shouldn’t have told anybody because after he did about 300,000 people showed up looking for gold, good for making cities out west but bad for james. The effects of the Gold Rush were substantial. San Francisco grew from a small settlement of about 200 residents in 1846 to a boomtown of about 36,000 by 1852.
It brought a lot of jobs to the west and also brought immigrants. When the gold rush first started people flocked to California to get a part in the rush. The strongest men from every city left their homes to find wealth. The people who made it to California first found plentiful gold, but it was hard work, and there were many people trying to get the gold. Immigrants form all over the world came to find instant wealth, so during the rush California became the most diverse state in the country.
Mining was an important factor in the development of the West during the 1800s. When people got wind of a discovery of gold or silver, they would flock to the area with hopes of striking it rich due to the high value of these minerals. These prospectors would use pan and placer mining to sift the minerals out from streams or the shallow surface of the land. After these shallow resources of the minerals were depleted, commercial mining outfits would come in and extract the gold and silver from deep underground. “The thousands of people who flocked to the mining towns in search of quick wealth and who failed to find it often remained as wage laborers in corporate mines after the boom period” (Brinkley, 2007).
Part A One of the most significant geographical factors that contributed to the expansion of the United States was the existence of gold in California. Prior to the Gold Rush of 1849, California was primarily a Mexican province where to a few adventurous Americans had made their way. However, once the news of gold spread east and the New York Herald printed the news of gold within its pages, the slow passage of people to the west “accelerated into a stampede.” (The California gold rush, 2003) This explosion of pioneers was small by no means. In the spring of 1849, over 30,000 people assembled at launch points along the plains ready to make the long hard journey to California in hopes of striking it rich. The promise of gold seemed great
Economics: Salida is the service, supply, and tourism center for the Upper Arkansas Valley. Being a gold mine town, The city developed quickly, and became the hub of a prosperous mining and agricultural region within a decade of its founding. Salida endured devastating fires in its business areas in 1886 and 1888, but rebounded to build a substantial commercial area consisting principally of two-story brick buildings. The burned buildings deprived many jobs - which drove the unemployment rate up to 15-30 percent in the late 1980’s - though the citizens of salida slowly recovered. Transportation: The Denver and Rio Grande
1 Miners, Railroads and Cattlemen In March 1848 a Californian landowner first discovered gold in a stream. Before long the news of this discovery was sweeping through California. By the middle of the summer a gold rush had begun and by the spring of 1849 people from all over the world were rushing to California to look for gold. In 1848 its population was 15.000 people, by 1852 the population was more than 250.000. In the next twenty years gold discoveries attracted fortune-seekers also to other parts of the far West.
The Gilded Age • “Gilded Age” by Mark Twain • New technology • Breaker boys: sat in coal refineries and picked out impurities in the coal • Corruption of every political office • Boss Tweed: one of the most corrupt figures of this time • Income disparity – extremely wealthy and extremely poor people • People are getting into debt • Government only cares about their own agendas • Social issues: immigration, international interventions, and new technology • Rise of industries leads to urbanization: the transition from rural to urban living to take advantage of new technology 80% in farms to 80% in cities • Rush of people to cities fills jobs but creates social problem: living conditions near all time low for most • Immigration to
The population exploded at this point like it never had before. From 4,759 in 1870 as the railroads were putting up their last spikes to 35,689 in 1880. This allowed for Denver to the three prerequisites for a “Jacksonian dream of a commercial empire in the heart of the continent.” Denver now had control of trade routes in its geographic region, a flourishing commerce system, and a number of viable natural resources to tap into. In the 1870’s Denver had railroads protruding out in every direction, securing its position further. The Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad brought the railroad to the front doorstep of mines in the mountains allowing for resources to flow without the cumbersome stagecoach presents.
Making a Gold Rush: Through the Good Times and the Bad The first two years of the Gold Rush seemed to be California’s miners most lucrative years, whereas I tend to disagree with Rohrbough and his statement that “the Gold Rush…generated a complex and highly competitive economy that conferred advantages on those with capital and luck and that ignored men who possessed neither.” Success is determined with what you choose to do with your earnings and how successful you were, as well as the investments that were made during the first years of the Gold Rush. Luck has nothing to do with the less profitable 49ers, the deteriorating conditions of the placers and areas in which they mined for years after the overwhelming influx of miners and immigrants
However, as Australia became a more and more free settlers country, the government wanted to attract more and more migrants so encouraged the people to look for gold - E.H. Hargraves find gold in Bathurst – in newspaper - 8th August 1851, gold is found in Ballarat Victoria, gold rush begins - Many miners in the Victorian gold rush came from California Impact on Victoria - Melbourne became a ghost town - People left their work and see the gold rush as an opportunity to make fortunes - Almost everyone went to the goldfields - People from all over the country came to Victoria to find gold. They paid huge sums because merchants inflated their prices of